Assessment of heavy metals and ecological risk of pangas (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) and tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) farms in Bangladesh

Authors

  • Rifat Azad Keya Department of Fisheries Management, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
  • Jahid Hasan Department of Fisheries Management, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
  • Ajmala Akter Department of Fisheries Management, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
  • Anamika Roy Department of Fisheries Management, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Abdur Razzak Department of Aquaculture, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Patuakhali 8602, Bangladesh
  • Dinesh Chandra Shaha Department of Fisheries Management, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
  • Zinia Rahman Department of Genetics & Fish Breeding, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
  • Md Emranul Ahsan Department of Genetics & Fish Breeding, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/aba.v27i2.72533

Keywords:

Heavy metals, bioaccumulation, tilapia, pangas, aquaculture, ecological risk

Abstract

An investigation was conducted to evaluate the contamination levels of heavy metals (As, Pb, Cd, Cr and Cu) in surface water and sediment of pangas (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) and tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) aquaculture farms in four regions (Mymensingh, Cumilla, Bogura, and Jashore) of Bangladesh. The ecological risk index (ERI) was determined to assess the water quality index. The water contained As concentrations of 3.60–11.14 µg/L; Pb of 1.73–3.83 µg/L; Cd of 1.26–23.12 µg/L; and Cu of 6.08–45.22 µg/L; whereas the sediments contained As concentrations of 2.84–4.57 mg/Kg; Pb of 8.32–16.07 mg/Kg; and Cd of 0.22–12 mg/Kg. Most locations had moderate to low levels of pollution, and the levels of contamination decreased from Cd to Pb to As to Cr. The declining sequence of potential ecological risk factors of toxic metals in sediment was Cd > Pb > As > Cr. Cd's potential ecological risk factor ranged from 2.84 to 21.58, making it one of the elements with the highest potential for ecological danger compared with other metals in this study. The Igeo values for the metals under study showed the following hierarchy Cr > As > Pb > Cd. As had a geo-accumulation index of -1.87 to 0.82, Pb, Cd -0.48 to -1.13, and Cr registered -1.28 to -2.45. Ponds in four different regions were found to be safe and suitable for fish culture, however, it was recommended that continuous monitoring of heavy metal concentrations in the aquaculture sector is necessary to mitigate the threat of contamination.

Ann. Bangladesh Agric.27(2):105-117

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Keya, R. A. ., Hasan, J. ., Akter, A., Roy, A. ., Razzak, M. A. ., Shaha, D. C. ., Rahman, Z. ., & Ahsan, M. E. . (2023). Assessment of heavy metals and ecological risk of pangas (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) and tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) farms in Bangladesh. Annals of Bangladesh Agriculture, 27(2), 105–117. https://doi.org/10.3329/aba.v27i2.72533

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Original Articles