Bangladesh Journal of Plastic Surgery Official Journal of the Society of Plastic Surgeons of Bangladesh. Full text articles available. en-US No part of the materials published in this journal may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher. (Dr Md Sazzad Khondoker) (Md Fahmid Uddin Khondoker) Thu, 24 Apr 2014 01:10:32 +0000 OJS 60 A Short Review on Microtia and Bangladesh Perspective <p>Abstract not available</p> <p>DOI: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Plastic Surgery January 2013, 4(1): 01-03</p> Md Abul Kalam, Tanveer Ahmed ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 23 Apr 2014 21:29:31 +0000 Surgical Closure of Sacral Pressure Sores by Gluteal Skin Flap. <p>Pressure sores are an ancient medical problem; even found during autopsies of Egyptian mummies. This prospective study was carried out in the Department of Plastic Surgery, Dhaka Medical College &amp; Hospital (DMCH), Dhaka between January 2012 to December 2012 to evaluate the outcome of surgical closure of sacral pressure sores by Gluteal skin flaps. Twenty two patients admitted into DMCH with stage III &amp; IV sacral pressure sores were included. Over two-thirds (68.2%) of the ulcers were in Stage-III and over three-quarters (77.3%) had signs of local infection. The average horizontal and vertical lengths of the defects before excision were 10.4 and 8.8 cm respectively which increased to 12.6 and 10.6 cm respectively after excision of dead and devitalized tissues. The average medial advancement of the flap was 6.3 cm. Postoperative flap-monitoring did not reveal infection, seroma or hematoma in any of the patients. Only 2(9.1%) patients had marginal flap loss. Marginal flap losses developed in two cases were excised and direct-suturing (secondary closure) were done. More than 90% of the patients exhibited good outcome. The study concluded that Gluteal skin flap produces good result in majority of the patients with large sacral sores with almost no complications or recurrences. The Gluteal skin flap has the advantages of muscle sparing, less donor site morbidity, versatility in design and less effort to harvest</p> <p>DOI: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Plastic Surgery January 2013, 4(1): 05-09</p> Mohammad Rabiul Karim Khan, Md Abdul Mannan, Liman Kumar Dhar, Md Sazzad Khondoker, Md Abul Kalam ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 23 Apr 2014 21:45:13 +0000 Soleus muscle flap for the coverage of pre-tibial defect of middle third of leg <p>Soft tissue defects of the lower limb are a challenge to the plastic surgeon but a soleus muscle flap often provides the solution. Early reconstruction by soft tissue to cover exposed bone significantly reduces the risk of infection, nonunion and subsequent amputation. A Prospective, observational study was carried out in the Department of Plastic Surgery &amp; Burn Unit, Dhaka Medical College Hospital and Department of Plastic Surgery, National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation, Dhaka, from September 2011 to March 2013. 30 cases were selected by purposive continuous sampling who had soft tissue defect in front of the middle third of the legs only. Proximally based soleus muscle transposition flap was done by standard operative procedure under spinal anaesthesia or general anaesthesia and under tourniquet control. After 2 months of operation, final follow-up was done. Regarding the outcome of flap surgery, 18 (60%) cases were found excellent. 7 (23.33%) cases were good, 3 (10%) were fair and 2 (6.66%) were poor. In the final follow up, according to the preset criteria for evaluation of wound coverage by soleus muscle flap, the satisfactory result (excellent and good) was 83.33%. Unsatisfactory (fair and poor) result was in 16.67% cases. Effective coverage of pretibial defect of middle third of leg by soleus muscle flap with satisfactory outcome was seen in this study.</p> <p>DOI: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Plastic Surgery January 2013, 4(1): 10-15</p> Tahmina Satter, Md Noazesh Khan, Rayhan Awwal ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 23 Apr 2014 22:03:08 +0000 Various Methods of Reconstruction of Axillary Burn Contracture <p>Post burn contracture is a burn sequel, which was not properly treated in initial burn management. Deep partial and full thickness burn of axillary region can result in scar contracture which limits shoulder abduction and extension. The axillary contracture has functional morbidity along with aesthetic disfigurement. Difficulties in rehabilitation of shoulder abduction during the initial period and the contractile evolution of the scar contribute to this problem. The goal of the surgical correction of axillary scar contractures is to provide a maximum release with minimum or no local anatomic distortion. 42 patients with post burn contracture of the axillas were operated in the Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery Unit, Dhaka Medical College Hospital and in National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedic Rehabilitation (NITOR), Dhaka in the period between November 2007 &amp; December 2011. Among them 26(61.9%) were males and 16(38.1%) were females. Age ranged from 6 to 38 years with a mean age 14.7 years. Unilateral axilla were involved in 34 patients(81%) and bilateral axilla was involved in 8 patients(19%). 18 cases (42.8%) had contracture of anterior axillary fold, 12 cases (28.5%) cases had contracture of posterior axillary fold, 8 cases (19%) had contracture of both folds and 4 cases (9.5%) had contracture involving axillary dome. Pre operative X-ray of shoulder joints of affected axilla revealed normal joint spaces. The operative procedure was chosen according to the pattern of scar and state of surrounding skin. Surgical procedures included release of post burn axillary contracture by recontructive procedures single Z plasties were done in 2 cases(4.7%), multiple Z plasties were done in 12 cases(28.6%), five flap plasty was done in 1 case (2.4%), local fascio cuteneous flaps were done in 25 cases(59.5%), parascapular flap was done in 1case (2.4%) and split thickness skin grafting was done in 1 case (2.4%). Axilla was immobilized with plaster cast for two weeks. The rate of complication was 9.5%. All of them were minor. Functional improvement was quite satisfactory, except for one case of skin grafting which had re-contracture. Choice of surgical procedure for reconstruction of post burn axillary contracture can be made according to the pattern of scar contracture and the state of surrounding skin. The choice of a flap should have priority to skin graft because of the superior functional and cosmetic results of flaps. Long term splinting and physical therapy are mandatory to prevent re contracture. Proper pre-operative planning, appropriate surgical method, post operative immobilization, physiotherapy and follow up can make good outcome of post burn axillary contracture reconstruction.</p> <p>DOI: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Plastic Surgery January 2013, 4(1): 16-19</p> Bidhan Sarker, Lutfar Kader Lenin, Md Zakir Hossain ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 24 Apr 2014 00:31:58 +0000 Breast Augmentation in Bangladesh with Silicone Gel Implants -A Short Term Experience <p><strong>Background:</strong>. The primary breast augmentation surgery was not popular for a long time in Bangladesh but with the gradual economic and educational development, as well as availability of silicone gel implant and skilled surgeons, the demand, popularity and acceptance of this surgery is increasing.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong>This study was done to assess the efficacy of the implants in 30 consecutive patients who presented for breast augmentation .</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong>Data were prospectively collected for all patients who underwent bilateral breast augmentation between July 2011 to November 2012 . Breast augmentation was performed by placing textured, round, silicone gel implant in subglandular position via inframammary approach. The 30 patients included in this series were analyzed according to demographic details, preoperative findings, postoperative patient and observer satisfaction scores, and complications. Standard pictures were taken before surgery and during follow-up visits over 6 month; standardised objective measurements of breast and chest were also taken. The test statistics used to analyze the data were descriptive statistics and repeated measure ANOVA .A Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the subjectsÂ’ global impression of clinical improvement and one independent observer visually reviewed pre and postoperative result to grade aesthetic results</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Observers evaluation by predefined criteria (volume, shape, consistency, inframammry fold and scar) rated 60 % of patients with excellent outcome, 30% good, 10% fair and none had poor score .A significant percentage (63.3%) of the 30 patients rated their satisfaction as very good and nine (30%) patient rated as good. None of the patients responded the result as poor or as very poor. No serious complications such as implant malposition or significant capsular contracture were observed</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>We conclude that round textured cohesive gel implants provide excellent results, are well accepted by patients and most short-term postoperative adverse effects following cosmetic implantation are clinically insignificant and do not require treatment.</p> <p>DOI: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Plastic Surgery January 2013, 4(1): 20-28</p> Salma Anam, Md Sazzad Khondokar, Shariff Asfia Rahman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 24 Apr 2014 00:38:57 +0000 Use of Muscle Flaps in Burn Reconstruction <p>Electric burns are deep burns that by once-only or continuing stimulation of the nerves and striated muscles causes massive muscle contractions which can cause ruptures, ligamentous tears, fractures, and joint dislocations.High resistance of bone to the passage of electric current results in periosteal necrosis. Deep burns particularly electric burns when exposes structures valuable for important functions like joints, demands reconstructive options consisting robust viability and huge vascularity. The study was conducted in Department of plastic surgery and burn, Dhaka Medical College Hospital,Dhaka from June, 2011 to January, 2012. 18 patients were included in this series. Among them in ten patients gastrochnemius flap was applied, Lattissimus dorsi muscle flap was applied in 4 cases, Trapezius flap was applied in 2 cases and each of the other two patients were treated with Tensor fascia lata and Transverse Rectus Abdominis myocutaneous flap. Fifteen patients were adult and three patients were from paediatric age group. 88% of flaps were primarily used to cover exposed structures (bones and joints) and others were used to correct deformities. Complications include partial graft loss (3), joint stiffness(3), wound infection(1) and flap loss(1). Though these flaps are very commonly used in trauma reconstruction, their use in reconstruction in burn patients are included in this series.</p> <p>DOI: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Plastic Surgery January 2013, 4(1): 29-31</p> Sk Nishat Abdullah, Kishore Kumar Das, Md Zakir Hossain, Rayhana Awwal, Md Sazzad Khondoker, Md Abul Kalam ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 24 Apr 2014 00:46:39 +0000 Osteoplastic thumb reconstruction in a case of neglected hand burn <p>In this article we report a case of neglected hand burn with total loss of thumb with additional first web space and wrist contracture of the nondominant hand of a young female. Osteoplastic technique was applied for thumb reconstruction with additional fillet flap and posterior interosseous flap for first web space and thenar area. In this era of microsurgical reconstruction this simple and basic technique can still be useful in selected cases.</p> <p>DOI: <a href=""></a></p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Plastic Surgery January 2013, 4(1): 32-35</p> Hasib Rahman, Md Abul Kalam Azad, Shamim Hassan, Md Hedayet Ali Khan, Rushda Sarmin Binte Rouf ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 24 Apr 2014 00:56:33 +0000