ABO Blood Group and Severity of Coronary Artery Disease Assessed by Syntax Score in Patients with Acute Myocardial

Authors

  • Md Zillur Rahman Associate Professor, Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Sanjib Chowdhury Associate Professor, Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Ishrat Jahan Shimu Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Pijush Biswas Junior Consultant, Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Abu Towab Junior Consultant, Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Arup Kumar Das Assistant Registrar, Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Khurshadul Alam Medical Officer, Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Abdullah Al Mahmud Medical Officer, Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Khondoker Al Monsur Helal Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bhj.v37i2.63134

Keywords:

ABO blood group, Coronary Artery Disease(CAD), SYNTAX score, Acute Myocardial Infarction(AMI)

Abstract

Introduction: As coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality; timely diagnosis and appropriate therapy is of paramount importance to improve clinical outcomes. Though there are major risk factors for CAD but sometimes it does not correlate with ACS. So, search for new risk factor is necessary for better management of CAD specially STEMI. Aim: To see the association between ABO blood group and severity of CAD in patients with STEMI.

Methods: This study was done during the period of January 2016 to June 2016 with STEMI at National Institute of Cardiovascular diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 100 patients were grouped in I and II where group-I having 50 patients of non-O blood group and group-II having 50 patients of O blood group. After CAG all reports were analyzed by two experts and SYNTAX score were calculated and data were analyzed by SPSS.

Results: Baseline characteristics (100 patients) were well matched between the groups. Low SYNTAX score (d”22) was 16% and 56%; intermediate score (23-32) was 40% and 36% and high score (>32) was 44% and 8% in group- I and group-II respectively. These indicate that patients of non-O blood group have high SYNTAX score that is more severe CAD. Univariate and multivariate regression analysis showed that non-O blood group is an independent risk factor for CAD. So easily available ABO blood grouping can be helpful to determine the severity of CAD in patients with STEMI.

Bangladesh Heart Journal 2022; 37(2): 107-115

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
86
PDF
123

Downloads

Published

2022-12-28

How to Cite

Rahman, M. Z. ., Chowdhury, S. ., Shimu, I. J. ., Biswas, P. ., Towab, A. ., Das, A. K. ., Alam, K. ., Mahmud, A. A. ., & Helal, K. A. M. . (2022). ABO Blood Group and Severity of Coronary Artery Disease Assessed by Syntax Score in Patients with Acute Myocardial. Bangladesh Heart Journal, 37(2), 107–115. https://doi.org/10.3329/bhj.v37i2.63134

Issue

Section

Original Articles