Comparison of laparoscopic appendectomy versus open appendectomy in acute appendicitis in obese diabetic patients

Authors

  • - Mohammuddunnobi Assistant Professor & Resident Surgeon (Casualty), BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Tasnuva Jahan Medical Officer, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Abdullah Al Amin Professor of Surgery, BIRDEM General Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/birdem.v10i3.48701

Keywords:

diabetes mellitus, laparoscopic appendicectomy, obesity

Abstract

Background: Acute appendicitis (AC) is a common surgical problem requiring emergency hospitalization for urgent appendectomy. In case of diabetic patients, the incidence of developing acute appendicitis including its complications like abscess, gangrene and perforation is higher than non-diabetic. Day by day, laparoscopic appendectomy is having an improved outcome in non-diabetic and non-obese patients. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of laparoscopic appendectomy versus open appendectomy in acute appendicitis of obese diabetic patients.

Methods: A comparative study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital in Dhaka City. Hospitalized obese diabetic patients with a diagnosis of acute appendicitis, who underwent appendectomy, were considered as study population. Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) greater than 30 kg/m2 according to World Health Organization and American Obesity Association guidelines. Patients were divided into two groups according to type of appendectomy; 50 patients by laparoscopic appendectomy as group LA and 50 patients by open appendectomy as group OA.

Results: Most patients were obese I (30.0-34.9 kg/m2) in group LA and OA (92.0% and 86.0%, respectively, p<0.05). Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus was detected in most of the patients of both group LA (96.0%) and OA (98.0%). Mean operation time, mean duration of post-operation ileus, mean hospital stay and post-operation complications were less in group LA than group OA which is statistically significant (p< 0.05). No patient developed wound infection after laparoscopic appendectomy; whereas, 8.0% patients had wound infection in open appendectomy (p<0.05).

Conclusion: In this study, laparoscopic appendectomy had good outcome over its open counterpart regarding shorter operating time, hospital stay, less wound infection, postoperative pain and time to return to usual activities.

Birdem Med J 2020; 10(3): 145-148

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
170
PDF
183

Downloads

Published

2020-08-23

How to Cite

Mohammuddunnobi, .-., Jahan, T., & Amin, A. A. (2020). Comparison of laparoscopic appendectomy versus open appendectomy in acute appendicitis in obese diabetic patients. BIRDEM Medical Journal, 10(3), 145–148. https://doi.org/10.3329/birdem.v10i3.48701

Issue

Section

Original Articles