Envelope Protein Gene VP466-a Target for PCR Detection of White Spot Syndrome Virus in Shrimp

Authors

  • Anwar Hossain Department of Fisheries, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000
  • Santonu Kumar Sanyal Department of Microbiology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000
  • Mohammad Anwar Siddique Department of Microbiology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000
  • Raj Kumar Biswas Upazila Fisheries Officer, Shyamnagar, Satkhira
  • Munawar Sultana Department of Microbiology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000
  • M Anwar Hossain Department of Microbiology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjm.v31i1.28468

Keywords:

Cultured shrimp, White spot syndrome virus (WSSV), VP466 gene, PCR

Abstract

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is an enveloped and double-stranded DNA virus that belongs to the family Nimaviridae and genus Whispovirus, causing white spot disease (WSD) in shrimp. The virus is highly virulent and leads to 100% mortality within 10 days. Detection of WSSV and segregation of infected brood shrimp, post-larvae and cultured shrimp are currently considered as containment strategies to reduce the spread of WSD. This investigation describes a polymerase chain reaction method to detect WSSV in WSD infected cultured shrimp targeting VP466 gene encoding the large structural protein in virus particle. In silico homology analysis of the primer pair designed in this work clearly identified WSSV VP466 gene sequence with 100% specificity. A total of 16 shrimp samples from 16 farms were selected, where 6 shrimp samples were with characteristics WSD spot and 10 shrimp samples were asymptomatic. Among the 16 shrimp samples, 12 showed PCR positive amplifications for major envelope protein gene VP466. Sequencing of the amplicons followed by homology searching using BLAST further confirmed the presence of WSSV. Phylogenetic analysis of VP466 gene sequences showed its close proximity to the WSSV strain of Indian origin. The present study demonstrates that the envelope protein VP466 gene as a specific target for PCR detection and characterization of WSSV in WSD infected and carrier shrimps

Bangladesh J Microbiol, Volume 31, Number 1-2,June-Dec 2014, pp 65-68

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Author Biography

Anwar Hossain, Department of Fisheries, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000



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Published

2016-06-25

How to Cite

Hossain, A., Sanyal, S. K., Siddique, M. A., Biswas, R. K., Sultana, M., & Hossain, M. A. (2016). Envelope Protein Gene VP466-a Target for PCR Detection of White Spot Syndrome Virus in Shrimp. Bangladesh Journal of Microbiology, 31(1), 65–68. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjm.v31i1.28468

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