Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education <p>The official journal of the Centre for Medical Education (CME), Mohakhali, Dhaka and the Association for Medical Education (AME), Bangladesh. Full text articles available.</p> en-US No part of the materials published in this journal may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher. Reprints of any article in the Journal will be available from the publisher. (Professor Dr. Md. Humayun Kabir Talukder) (Md Fahmid Uddin Khondoker) Wed, 28 Nov 2018 14:30:16 +0000 OJS 60 Editorial Vol.9(2) <p>Abstract not available</p><p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.9(2) 2018: 1</p> Md Humayun Kabir Talukder ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 14:29:18 +0000 Stressors Perceived by the Para-clinical Undergraduate Medical Students <p>Medical curricula are considered as toughest of all curricula of undergraduate professionals. Student faces many stress provoking factors in the academic course. In time identification and adoption of coping strategy can ensure proper achievement of goal of the curriculum. The objective of this prospective study was to find out the nature and intensity of stressors perceived by the mid level medical students (phase II &amp; III) before their summative examination. Regularly passed students of phase II and III undergraduate students of Armed Forces Medical College, Bangladesh were included in the study and the responses were collected in the first week of April 2018 (3 weeks prior to beginning of summative examination). Validated structured set of questionnaire (Medical Student Stressor Questionnaire -MSSQ) was selected for the study and was distributed to the volunteers of target population only. Falling behind in reading schedule, getting poor marks, facing illness or death of the patients and too much restriction in campus were identified as high intensity stressors by the phase II students. On the other hand high workload, not enough scope of medical skill practice, facing illness or death of the patients and too much restriction in campus were identified as high intensity stressors by the phase III students. Intensity of stressors was significantly higher in phase II students than phase III (p=0.000). This study focused the present status of an area. Identification and incorporation of strategies to improve the teaching, learning, evaluation and educational environment are required to help the students to develop stress coping skills in early medical career in order to reduce negative effects of stressors on the future doctors.</p><p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.9(2) 2018: 3-10</p> Md Ahsan Habib, Md Azizur Rahman, Amju Manara, Mahmuda Ayub, Nasrin Begum, Sharmin Hossain ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 14:29:21 +0000 Use of Social Media by the Undergraduate Medical Students: Students’ Perception in Selected Medical Colleges of Bangladesh <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>This descriptive type of cross sectional study was carried out to explore the extent of use of social media by the undergraduate medical students and its consequences in medical education. This study was carried out in nine (Four public and five private) medical colleges all over Bangladesh during a period from July 2016-2017.</p><p><strong>Objective: </strong>The study revealed that the use of social media by the undergraduate medical students and its effect on their lifestyle and medical education.</p><p><strong>Methodology: </strong>Sample size was 673 medical students. Data was collected by self-administered semi-structured questionnaire from 673 respondents. Convenience sampling technique was adopted for data collection. For each variable frequency and percentages was calculated. There was also a part of in-depth interview for the respondents on the perception of use of Social media.</p><p><strong>Results: </strong>Among the students 54.68% females &amp; 45.34% males, the mean age of the respondents was 20.76 years. Around 42.6% respondents were using Social media for4-6 years. The main use of social media by the respondents was Facebook 70.1%, main devices was mobile phone 96.8%. The main purpose of using the Social media for non-academic purposes such as, communicate with others26.0%, for chatting 51.3%. Maxium duration &gt; 4 times / day up to &gt;6 hours. Academic purpose 44.7% users using the SM every day. Six hundred forty six respondents agreed for negative effect of social media. 52.2% agreed that they used Social media during lecture class.</p><p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Most students had positive thoughts towards using social media. Students were using social media for almost nonprofessional reason. So, there is need to build up widespread awareness to use social media by medical students for professionalisms.</p><p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.9(2) 2018: 11-15</p> Husneara Begum, AKM Asaduzzaman, Humayun Kabir Talukder, Tahmina Nargis, Kazi Khairul Alam, Md Asadullah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 14:29:30 +0000 How Practice of Peer Assisted Learning Facilitates Better Learning among the Dental Students of Bangladesh <p>Peer assisted learning <em>(</em>PAL<em>) </em>is a common feature of medical education<em>. </em>PAL in the clinical setting, a complex learning environment, requires fresh evaluation<em>. </em>Socio<em>-</em>cultural theory is proposed as a means to understand educational interventions in ways that are practical and meaningful<em>. </em>This descriptive type of cross sectional study entitled practice of peer assisted learning among students in selected undergraduate dental colleges of Bangladesh was conducted in four Government and four non<em>-</em>Government dental colleges<em>. </em>The objective of this study was to explore the views of teachers and students regarding the benefits of practicing peer assisted learning<em>. </em>Sample size was 437 <em>(</em>407 students and 30 teachers<em>). </em>Data was collected from students with a self<em>-</em>administered semi<em>-</em>structured questionnaire and from dental teachers with indepth interview schedule<em>. </em>Data was analyzed by using SPSS 19<em>. </em>Most of the students opined that PAL method increased their knowledge<strong><em>. </em></strong>In the study most of the teacher said that PAL increased the confidence of the students and enhanced the conception about the topics<strong><em>. </em></strong>Teachers also said PAL developed good behavior of the students and also developed helping approach to others<strong><em>. </em></strong>This study finding showed that PAL method was very effective in higher education courses<strong><em>. </em></strong>So we should encourage the students and the teachers about the method<strong><em>.</em></strong></p><p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.9(2) 2018: 16-18</p> ABM Rizwanur Rahman, Mohammad Faruque, Kazi Khairul Alam, Sanjida Tasnim, Mezbah Ul Azeez ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 14:29:39 +0000 Awareness and Willingness to Pay for Community Based Health Insurance Scheme in North-Western Nigeria <p>There is a need for the communities to develop their health financing system, most especially those that were not covered by the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS). This will give the people an opportunity to finance their medical care which in turn would alleviate financial burden at the point of treatment. Therefore, this study is aimed to determine the level of awareness for Community Based Health Insurance Scheme (CBHIS) among communities and to measure the degree of willingness to pay for the scheme in Katsina, North-Western Nigeria. Semi structured interviewer-assisted questionnaires were used to collect information from the respondents. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 20.0. The results indicates that majority of the respondents attained tertiary level of education (68.3%) and 81.1% were employed. About 74.2% were earning more than the Nigerian minimum wage N18, 000 (≈$59). About 52.2% of the respondents were aware of the CBHIS. And 81% were willing to pay for premium while 62.2% will pay between N 1, 000 – 5, 000 (≈$3.3- $16.4). There was strong significant relationship between monthly income and knowledge of CBHIS (p = &lt; 0.0001). However, gender and educational level were not significantly associated with the knowledge of CBHIS. Awareness about CBHIS was not sufficiently adequate but a significant number of the respondents were willing to pay for CBHIS after learning about the scheme. Factors such as level of education and income levels were found to have positive effect on willingness to pay.</p><p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.9(2) 2018: 19-23</p> Giwa Abdulganiyu, Kabir Muhammad, Umar Ibrahim, Suleiman HH, Lawal BK ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 14:29:47 +0000 Teacher’s Opinion Regarding Potential use and Misuse of Teachers’ Evaluation in Undergraduate Dental Education <p>Teachers' evaluation in our country is yet to be started. But in many countries of the world it has been adopted a long time ago. It not only affects the teaching process but also motivate teachers for self-development. It is a series of activities and actions that are interconnected and relate to a specific purpose. In the last two decades, the importance of teaching evaluation has been emphasized in higher education. Many medical and dental schools have searched for ways to effectively and constructively evaluate performances of their faculty members. This cross-sectional descriptive study conducted among the teachers of public &amp; private dental colleges adopting convenience sampling. Study revealed that teacher evaluation can improve teacher's teaching ability (94.1%), it can be used to assessing training need of the teacher (94.1%), it can protect students from incompetent teachers (91.2%), it can be used for promoting teachers (91.2%), it can also help to monitor the performances of teacher by administrators (88.2%), The most common sources of evaluation data have been students, peers, and teachers themselves. Teacher evaluation is often designed to serve two purposes- to measure teacher competence and to foster professional development and growth. A teacher evaluation system give teachers useful feedback on classroom needs, the opportunity to learn new teaching techniques, and counsel from principals and other teachers on how to make changes in their classrooms. The goal of any effective evaluation process must be growth of good teacher.</p><p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.9(2) 2018: 24-26</p> Md Shoheilul Amin, Ismail Khan, Md Humayun Kabir Talukder, Jamil Ahsan Ansary ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 14:29:56 +0000 ‘Adult Learning Theories’ & its Application in the Re-accreditation Journey of Physician Migrants: A Review <p>Literature on learning among immigrant adults is limited.<sup>1, 2</sup> Published literatures directly concerning the socio-cultural educational experiences of permanent resident international medical graduates (PRIMGs) at their post-migration adaptive period is even more limited.<sup>3</sup> In order to properly understand the post-migrational re-qualifying experiences of PRIMGs; it was felt important to study and incorporate educational theories. This paper has focused on examining some of the adult learning theories that underpin PRIMGs' accreditation experiences in developed English-speaking countries i.e. Australia. To do this has involved repeatedly visiting a range of educational theories, concepts and paradigms. Since one single theory or paradigm failed to cover all aspects of the study, it was deemed important to explore a variety of different theories. Although the social experience during re-settlement is crucially important for predicting PRIMGs' academic progress; this paper solely concentrates on their post-migration educational experiences. The review has suggested that some preknowledge on nature of the educational facilities in the host country is important for re-establishing medical career. For some, this process may all go smoothly whereas others may find this journey difficult, frustrating and costly. The outcome of settlement ought to be better if the decision to migrate was taken with pre-knowledge of the post-migration learning environment and structure4; although, many other micro and macro elements are equally involved in the process. The implementation and practice of 'Experiential learning model' has been advocated that both indicates and emphasizes the need for funded arrangements of 'Structured on the job training' programs for PRIMGs. The alternate option would be to undertake full-fee-paid, practical-oriented, up-skilling bridging courses6. Such training would assist them to effectively complete their learning cycle and re-qualify in a shorter timeframe.</p><p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.9(2) 2018: 27-31</p> Sharafat Malek, Md Humayun Kabir Talukder ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 14:30:03 +0000 Introducing Training on Doctor-Patient Communication Skill among the Pre-Intern Physicians: A Suggested Model <p>Proper doctor-patient communication produces therapeutic benefit on the patient. The arts and tips of communication skill can change the feelings of a patient forever. Good communication skill should have verbal, non-verbal and para-verbal components. Unfortunately, many postgraduate doctors of our country cannot satisfy the demand of their patients due to lack of training on communication skills. In this paper, a model for communication skill training has been proposed for newly graduated doctors which includes formal lecture, video demonstration, role play and evaluation by creating different scenarios. The selected time for communication skill training would be the time gap between publication of result of final professional MBBS and starting the internship training. With increasing demand of creating more communicative physicians, implementation and further recommendations on communication skill training for new graduates are encouraged.</p><p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.9(2) 2018: 32-36</p> Mehrunnissa Khanom, Maliha Ata, Rummana Khair, Aniruddha Ghose, MA Faiz ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 28 Nov 2018 14:30:10 +0000