Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education <p>The official journal of the Centre for Medical Education (CME), Mohakhali, Dhaka and the Association for Medical Education (AME), Bangladesh. Full text articles available.</p> en-US No part of the materials published in this journal may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the publisher. Reprints of any article in the Journal will be available from the publisher. (Professor Dr. Md. Humayun Kabir Talukder) (Md Fahmid Uddin Khondoker) Thu, 28 Jul 2022 06:03:07 +0000 OJS 60 Students’ View about Attitude and Aptitude Test of Students in the Selection Process of MBBS Course in Bangladesh <p>Attitude and aptitude are the two important criteria to select medical professionals. Interest for the subject is a pre requisite as well as students need high levels of motivation, intelligence and stamina to cope up with the stresses encountering in the steps of medical profession. Currently, no research is found to identify attitude and aptitude of students as selection criteria of MBBS course of Bangladesh. This descriptive type of cross sectional study was carried out from January 2021 to December 2021, among 617 undergraduate medical students of 8 medical colleges of Bangladesh. Data were collected by self-administered pre tested structured questionnaire, then compiled and analysed using SPSS version 26. Regarding need of attitude test, the study revealed that 97.7% students and regarding aptitude test 90.8% students were agreed. Among the reasons in favour of attitude test, maximum (54.89%) students were agreed about the statement “Cause of their eagerness to enrol into this course will be known”. Regarding reasons in favour of aptitude test, mean score were above 4 (out of 5) by majority (90.8%) of students in selected 4 areas of professionalism-1) Knowledge, skill and performance, 2) Safety and quality of treatment, 3) Communication and teamwork and 4) Morality and gaining trust. The study emphasizes that attitude and aptitude test are essential need for the MBBS candidates. So, the tests may be the essential part selection process.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.13(2) July 2022: 3-12</p> Nasim E Tasnim, Nilufa Parvin, Ripon Barua, Md Mohibur Rahman, Md Hassan Asrafe, Mohammad Mustafizur Rahman, Kazi Khairul Alam Copyright (c) 2022 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Perception of Medical Students on Current Medical Education in Bangladesh <p><strong>Introduction </strong>A modernized and relevant medical curriculum is the backbone of an effective medical education. A healthy and efficient medical academic environment is crucial for effective implementation of any medical curriculum. This study was performed with the aims and objectives of determining medical students’ perception of ongoing medical curriculum, teaching and learning methodologies and academic resources.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>A cross sectional descriptive analytical study was conducted with a self-administered questionnaire to determine the perception of medical students about current medical curriculum, teaching-assessment methodology and learning academic environment. A total of n= 268 medical students from 4 different medical colleges participated in the study. The questionnaire consisted of 5 questions. The first two questions (Q1 and Q2) addressed students’ views ongoing medical curriculum and each were Likert type on a 1 to 5 scale (from strongly disagree to strongly agree). There were 6 items under Q1 and 4 items under Q2. Views were recorded on Likert scale ranging from 1 to 5 (No idea to strongly agreed). The third question was on preference for duration of lecture class. The last two questions (Q4 and Q5) were multiple- response-test-based questions for determining the preferred responses on factors affecting medical exam results/scores and medical curriculum contents.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>: The majority of the students for the Q1, poorly rated the first item labeled as,” your own college standard is at par with international standard” with a mean ±SD of 2.9±.97 and the third item as,” Current teaching practices is sufficient to prepare for international exams (USMLE, PLAB)” with a mean ±SD of 2.7±0.83. Most of the students under Q2 predominantly chose the statement “agree” or “disagree” and the item score mean ±SD is ≥ 4.5±0.5 for each of the four items. Regarding major preference of lecture duration, 126 (47.0%) opined for 45 minutes followed by 107 (39.9%) for 60 minutes and 35(13.1%) for 30 minutes lecture. For Q4, the multiple response test, the majority of the responses (31.4%) was for betterment of lectures and for more practical classes (30.3%). To the Q5 multiple response test, the majority of responses (18.3%) was for increased motivation, 16.3% for provision of well-equipped library and laboratories as well as 16.1% for increased hands-on-skill training. There was also statistically significant difference between the public and private medical colleges on opinion regarding the factors, “decreased student teacher ratio” (31.7% vs 18.7%) with a χ 2 = 10.08, d =1 and p=0.001&amp; for factor, “research training in curriculum” (29.5% vs 19.8%) with χ 2 =4.40, df=1 and p=0.03.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>This study has elicited the perception of medical students on various issues related to curriculum, and academic environment and resources and methods reflecting the areas that needs to be addressed for improvement. It is imperative that every country focus on building and implementing curriculum and exam system that amplifies professional competence and social values, expands setting for efficacious and sustainable medical education programs, trains the medical teachers as educators and encourages life-long self-learning practices.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.13(2) July 2022: 13-25</p> Tarafder Shahniam Ahmed, Tahmina Joy Rashid, Sharmila Huda, Nazia Sultana, Al Montasir Billah Copyright (c) 2022 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Teacher’s view on current practices of ‘community based medical education’ related activities in undergraduate medical education of Bangladesh, 2021 <p>‘Community-based medical education’ (CBME) consists of learning activities in the community settings where students, teachers and community members are actively engaged in the learning process of medical education relevant to community health needs. This cross sectional study was aimed to explore the current practices of CBME related activities in undergraduate medical education of Bangladesh. Data were collected from 108 teachers of eight medical colleges of Bangladesh from January to December of 2021 using a pretested self-administered questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS version 16. In this study, 61.1% were female teachers. Most of the teachers (69.4%) were agreed that CBME related activities motivate students to serve at community settings. About 74% teachers revealed that CBME develop student’s positive attitude towards community people. Maximum (51.9%) teachers were satisfied for infrastructure of residential field site training (RFST) sites. The accommodation, transport and security of RFST sites were satisfied to 38%, 45.4% and 47.2% teachers respectively. About 31.6% teachers mentioned that poor set up of service place for CBME activities and 23.7% teachers revealed that less participation of community people as important constraints for CBME related activities. Conduction of CBME related activities as per curriculum objectives and motivation of local health authority were most important suggestions to overcome the constraints of CBME related activities mentioned by 12.6% and 11.3% teachers respectively. This study recommended to motivate the stakeholders, increase duration for RFST, and ensure necessary infrastructures, adequate transport, security, resource and supervision for effective CBME related activities.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.13(2) July 2022: 26-34</p> Ripon Barua, Md Abdul Wohab Khan, Md Mohibur Rahman, Nasim E Tasnim, Md Abu Sayeed Talukder, Kazi Ashraful Alam Copyright (c) 2022 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Present Teaching Learning Status of ‘Allied Subjects of Surgery’ in Undergraduate Medical Education of Bangladesh: Teachers’ Views <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>This cross sectional study was conducted to identify the views of teachers of Surgery and its Allied Subjects about the present status of ‘Allied Subjects of Surgery’ in undergraduate medical education of Bangladesh. The study was conducted from January 2021 to December 2021.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>A self-administered semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect data from 160 teachers of Surgery and its Allied Subjects. Convenience sampling technique was adopted for selection of eight medical colleges and the respondents were selected from the colleges purposively. <strong>Results : </strong>Study revealed that the contents and time allocated in the curriculum for the Surgery and its Allied Subjects were satisfactory but actual teaching hours and different teaching learning issues like number of teachers, lecture classes, tutorial classes, bedside teaching, evening clinical teaching, teaching at operation theater, teaching at emergency and casualty were poor in different Allied subjects of Surgery compared to General Surgery, Otolaryngology and Ophthalmology; and these differences were statistically significant in all most all cases.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Hence it can be recommended that newer Allied Subjects of Surgery should get optimum importance during teaching learning in undergraduate medical education of Bangladesh.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.13(2) July 2022: 35-41</p> MM Rahman , KK Alam, MA Miah , N Sultana, R Barua, MR Islam Copyright (c) 2022 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Pattern of medicine consumption by the medical students for preventive purpose of COVID- 19: A multicenter study. <p><strong>Background: </strong>From the beginning of pandemic situation people used to buy, hoard and take different types of medication for the hope of prevention of covid 19. This horrible pandemic situation make people more prone to take medication even antibiotic and more dependent on less reliable sources such as social and digital media for medicine-related information which is mostly observed in developing country. So we have conducted a study to detect the pattern of medicine taken by medical students for preventing purpose of Covid 19.</p> <p><strong>Method: </strong>This is a cross sectional, multi centered questionnaire study conducted among medical students during the period of July 2021 to December 2021.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>In total 425 medical students responded to the questionnaire, in which 17.4% students took Ivermectin. 12.5% respondents experienced adverse drug reactions due to Ivermectin. Approximately half of the respondent (52.47%) consumed Vitamin C and 46.35% received zinc for prevention of COVID 19. 15.52% respondents received Vitamin B and 16.70% received Combination of Vitamin B and zinc. 34.11% respondents took Vitamin D3, among them most of them (49.65%) took 20,000IU. Calcium and combination of Calcium plus Vitamin D also consumed by the respondent (36%) for the preventive goal. Antibiotic also consumed by the respondent (18.1%) for the preventive ground.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The study revealed that more or less many respondents took different medicine and supplements for the purpose of survival from COVID -19. Different types of supplements, Ivermectin, and even antibiotic were consumed before vaccine have arrived and those could cause deleterious health effects, unknown drug-drug interaction by their irrational use.</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.13(2) July 2022: 42-51 </p> Maliha Ata, Fatiha Tasneem, Jannatul Ferdoush, Rozina Hoque Copyright (c) 2022 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Editorial Vol13(2) <p>Abstract not available</p> <p>Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Vol.13(2) July 2022: 1-2</p> Md Humayun Kabir Talukder Copyright (c) 2022 Bangladesh Journal of Medical Education Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000