Evaluation of the Changes in Mental Health State at the Beginning of COVID-19 in Hospital Personnel

Authors

  • Gülgün Durat Associate Professor, Sakarya University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Sakarya, Turkey
  • Hatice Oksal PhD Student, Sakarya University, Institute of Health Science, Sakarya, Turkey
  • Emine Cincioğlu Research Assistant, Sakarya University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Sakarya, Turkey
  • Çiğdem Şen Tepe Research Assistant, Sakarya University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Sakarya, Turkey

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjm.v33i1.56785

Keywords:

Anxiety; COVID-19; depression; hospital personnel; mental health.

Abstract

Objective: In the present study, it was aimed to determine the changes in the mental states of hospital personnel at the beginning of COVID-19 pandemic, and the factors affecting these changes.

Methods: The research sample consisted of 299 hospital personnel in Turkey, who could be reached with the online method. The data were collected using the “Information Form”, which was prepared in line with the literature and the pandemic process, “The Impact of Event Scale (IES)” and the “Depression-Anxiety-Stress Scale (DAS-21)”.

Results: It was found that the sociodemographic characteristics, medical history, and the characteristics related to COVID-19 were effective on the participants in terms of their mental states and the way they perceived traumatic experiences. According to the multiple linear regression analyses, it was found that hyper arousal and reexperiencing predicted stress, anxiety, and depression with a rate of 58.5%, 59.0% and 60.6%, respectively.

Conclusion: At the beginning of the pandemic, it was observed that the responses of frontline hospital employees to traumatic experiences affected their mental states. Psychiatric nurses should take an active role in the development and implementation of psychosocial support programs for hospital personnel.

Bangladesh J Medicine July 2022; 33(1) : 19-26

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Published

2021-12-06

How to Cite

Durat, G., Oksal, H. ., Cincioğlu, E. ., & Tepe, Çiğdem Şen . (2021). Evaluation of the Changes in Mental Health State at the Beginning of COVID-19 in Hospital Personnel. Bangladesh Journal of Medicine, 33(1), 19–26. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjm.v33i1.56785

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Section

Original Articles