The Predictors of Acute Lower Limb Ischemia on the Background of the Recommended Prophylaxis
Keywords:arterial thrombosis; arterial thrombosis predictors; ischemia; occlusive thrombosis; smoking.
Objective: Acute limb ischemia (ALI) manifests as sudden lower limb ischemia that, regardless of the underlying cause, can lead to amputation unless there is an appropriate treatment.The study aims to analyze predictors of the lower limb occlusive thrombosis with the acute ischemia development (ALLI), depending on the localization under specifically recommended prophylaxis.
Materials and methods: The researchers performed a retrospective analysis of clinical cases with a confirmed diagnosis of acute lower limb ischemia (ALLI) for 2019. During this period, 20 patients met the study criteria.
Results and Discussion: A multivariate analysis (predictors with a p<0.1) established hyperglycemia as a significant predictor of ALLI development under specific prophylaxis (RR 2.2; 95% CI -8.2; 8.4; p = 0.097). It indicates a double risk of ALLI for patients with hyperglycemia.
Conclusion: The results indicate the need to correct glycemic parameters to reduce the risk of acute lower limb ischemia, even under antiplatelet or anticoagulant prophylaxis. It is also necessary to analyze the management protocols currently used for such patients to correct the recommended antiplatelet or anticoagulantschemes.
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol.20(3) 2021 p.637-641
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