Haemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis in a Malay infant: Rare, Old and Often Forgotten Disease

Authors

  • Norpazila Yaacob Department of Haematology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Mohd Nazri Hassan Department of Haematology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia and Hospital USM, Health Campus, USM, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Faezahtul Arbaeyah Hussain Department of Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Rosnah Bahar Department of Haematology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia and Hospital USM, Health Campus, USM, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Ariffin Nasir Department of Pediatrics, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia and Hospital USM, Health Campus, USM, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Norsarwany Mohamad Department of Pediatrics, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia and Hospital USM, Health Campus, USM, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Wan Zaidah Abdullah Department of Haematology, School of Medical Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia and Hospital USM, Health Campus, USM, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v21i1.56349

Keywords:

Familial; haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis; infant

Abstract

Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare disease but potentially life threatening clinical syndrome. It is caused by a multisystemic hyperinflammatory process secondary to severe hypercytokinemia with excessive and uncontrolled activation of the immune response. We report a case of familial HLH with no apparent causes in 6 months-old Malay girl presented with recurrent fever associated with severe anaemia and bleeding tendency requiring extensive treatment but refractory to the treatment which lead to mortality due to neutropenic sepsis indicating of poor prognosis of this disease. This familial type of HLH should be suspected in all children after excluding all the secondary causes with collective laboratory features and requiring extensive management as it associated with high mortality.

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol. 21(1) 2022 Page : 196-200

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Published

2022-01-01

How to Cite

Yaacob, N. ., Hassan, M. N. ., Hussain, F. A. ., Bahar, R. ., Nasir, A. ., Mohamad, N. ., & Abdullah, W. Z. . (2022). Haemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis in a Malay infant: Rare, Old and Often Forgotten Disease. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, 21(1), 196–200. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v21i1.56349

Issue

Section

Case Reports