Reducing the hemodialysis patient stress level through progressive relaxation

Authors

  • Warih Andan Puspitosari Department of Psychiatry Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Hanif Habibur Rohman Master Of Hospital Administration, Postgraduate Study, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Arlina Dewi Master Of Hospital Administration, Postgraduate Study, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v21i3.59566

Keywords:

Progressive Relaxation; Hemodialysis; Audiovisual

Abstract

Background: Hemodialysis is an effective treatment carried out for patientswith chronic kidney failure to improve the quality of life. 80% of hemodialysis patients experience physical stress disorder and psychosocial stress related to treatment. When faced with stress, the body muscles become tense as the abdomen becomes tense and cramped, the chest feels tight, which impacts physical and psychosocial health, so it is necessary to have stress management training through relaxation techniques. This study aimed to determine the effect of progressive relaxation on stress levels in patients with hemodialysis.

Method: This quasi-experimental pre-test and posttest study with a control group design. There were 58 respondents divided into two groups (intervention and control), and each group consisted of 29 people selected by random sampling. Measurement of stress levels using questionnaire Depression Anxiety Stress Scale 42 (DASS 42).

Results: The Mann Whitney U Test showed a difference in the decrease instress levels which was statistically significant (p <0.05).

Conclusion: The audio-visual progressive relaxation training conducted at least two times a week for three weeks effectively reduces stress levels in patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy for at least one month.

Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol. 21 No. 03 July’22 Page: 540-546

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Published

2022-05-21

How to Cite

Puspitosari, W. A. ., Rohman, H. H. ., & Dewi, A. . (2022). Reducing the hemodialysis patient stress level through progressive relaxation. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, 21(3), 540–546. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjms.v21i3.59566

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Original Articles