A case report of cold autoimmune haemolyticanaemia in pulmonary tuberculosis
Keywords:Cold AIHA; Pulmonary tuberculosis; Cold agglutinin syndrome
Autoimmune hemolyticanemia (AIHA) can be caused by a variety of etiologies. Approximately one-half of warm AIHAs are idiopathic, while the nonidiopathicetiologies include lymphoproliferative disorders, autoimmune disease, and infection-induced AIHA. AIHA may be frequently challenged by infectious complications, mainly as a result of immunosuppressive treatments administered. Here we reported an extraordinary case of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection presented with high titer cold-agglutinin autoimmune hemolysis in an immunocompetent patient. Although being risk factors for mortality, infections are an underestimated issue in AIHA. No antecedent case of pulmonary tuberculosis associated with cold agglutinin disease has been reported from Malaysia.
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science Vol. 21 No. 03 July’22 Page: 754-757
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Copyright (c) 2022 Razan Hayati Zulkeflee, Nurul Asyikin Nizam Akbar, Shafini Yusoff, Faezahtul Arbaeyah Hussin, Azlan Husin, Zefarina Zulkafli, Mohd Nazri Hassan, Marini Ramli, Marne Abdullah, Salfarina Iberahim, Wan Suriana Wan Abdul Rahman, Rosnah Bahar, Noor Haslina Mohd Noor
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