Gated SPECT Myocardial Perfusion Imaging at status-post Thrombolysis with Streptokinase

Authors

  • Azmal K Sarker Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Mitford, Sir Salimullah Medical College Hospital campus, Dhaka
  • Afroza Naznin Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Mitford, Sir Salimullah Medical College Hospital campus, Dhaka
  • Samira Sharmin Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Mitford, Sir Salimullah Medical College Hospital campus, Dhaka
  • Faria Nasreen National Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, BAEC, BSMMU campus, Shahbag, Dhaka
  • Lutfun Nisa National Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, BAEC, BSMMU campus, Shahbag, Dhaka
  • Tapati Mandal National Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, BAEC, BSMMU campus, Shahbag, Dhaka
  • Shamim MF Begum National Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, BAEC, BSMMU campus, Shahbag, Dhaka
  • Raihan Hussain Department of Nuclear Medicine, Evercare Hospitals Ltd, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjnm.v23i1-2.57705

Keywords:

Myocardial perfusion imaging, SPECT, Thrombolysis, Streptokinase, Myocardial Infarction.

Abstract

Background: Adequate reperfusion by thrombolysis (TL) with streptokinase (STK) after an ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with better patient outcome. This study described theattributes of patients who at status-post TL underwent gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (GSMPI).

Patients and methods: This cross sectional retrospective study was conducted in 2017 on a group of patients who were referred to Nuclear Cardiology Division of National Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences (NINMAS) from February 2005 to October 2016 for GSMPI. Archive was reviewed to include those who received STK with diagnoses of an acute MI, then underwent coronary angiogram (CAG) and then underwent GSMPI. Findings from status-post TL CAG reports were compared with that from GSMPI.

Results: Among 1347 patients, 59 (4.4%) were eligible for analysis with mean age of 51.2 ± 9.5 years. GSMPI revealed normal perfusion in 16 (27%), abnormal perfusion in 43 patients with mean LV infarct size at rest of 48.6 ± 17.2% and ischemia in 13 patients with mean ischemic LV of 12.1 ± 9.6%. Mean LVEF in normally perfused LV and in those with perfusion defects were 50.0 ± 18.7% and 39.5 ±14.9%respectively (p = 0.04). CAG was normal in one among 43 patients with abnormal myocardial perfusion. CAG was abnormal in 75% (12 of 16)of patients with normal perfusion. Six (10% of 59) among that 12 with abnormal CAG and normal perfusion had further coronary revascularization (CR).

Conclusions: In this series, 27% (16/59) patients who had received STK had normal perfusion and at least in 10% (6/59) the normal perfusion despite an abnormal CAG and without further CR may indicate adequacy of TL using STK.

Bangladesh J. Nuclear Med. 23(1&2): 29-36, 2020

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Published

2022-05-04

How to Cite

Sarker, A. K. ., Naznin, A., Sharmin, S. ., Nasreen, F., Nisa, L. ., Mandal, T. ., Begum, S. M. ., & Hussain, R. . (2022). Gated SPECT Myocardial Perfusion Imaging at status-post Thrombolysis with Streptokinase. Bangladesh Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 23(1-2), 29–36. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjnm.v23i1-2.57705

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Section

Original Articles