Neurodevelopmental Disorders (NDDs) in Children: Role of Maternal Factors

Authors

  • Laila Areju Man Banu CPS (Pediatrics), MD (Pediatric Neurology and Neurodevelopment), Consultant Paediatrics, Upzilla Health Complex, Rupganj, Narayanganj, Bangladesh.
  • FM Anamul Haque Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute of Child and Mother Health (ICMH), Matuail, Dhaka.
  • Saria Tasnim Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ex. Principal Community Medical College, Mogbazar, Dhaka.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjog.v37i2.69033

Keywords:

Neurodevelopmental Disorders (NDDs), autism spectrum disease (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), cerebral palsy (CP), intellectual disability (ID), Maternal factors.

Abstract

Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are disabilities affecting normal brain development and function. The early stages of brain development are critical, and disruption of this process results in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) in children. Common neurodevelopmental disorders in children include autism spectrum disease (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), cerebral palsy (CP), intellectual disability (ID), epilepsy, learning disability, schizophrenia etc. Though the causes of NDDs are multifactorial, epidemiological studies have shown that a number of maternal factors such as, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, maternal immune activation, infection, diet, genetics, lifestyle etc. also influence the development of NDDs. In this review, we focus on some common NDDs in children and the mechanism by which different maternal factors may contribute to the development of NDDs. With the increasing incidence of NDDs, it is urgent to mitigate the risk and severity of these conditions through both preventive measures in pregnancy and developing treatment strategies.

Bangladesh J Obstet Gynaecol, 2022; Vol. 37(2): 139-147

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Published

2023-11-06

How to Cite

Banu, L. A. M. ., Haque, F. A. ., & Tasnim, S. . (2023). Neurodevelopmental Disorders (NDDs) in Children: Role of Maternal Factors. Bangladesh Journal of Obstetrics &Amp; Gynaecology, 37(2), 139–147. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjog.v37i2.69033

Issue

Section

Review Articles