Application of selected components of “SPICES” model as teaching-learning method in pharmacology

Authors

  • Mohosina Sultana Setu Department of Pharmacology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • Md. Sayedur Rahman Department of Pharmacology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjp.v16i4.55620

Keywords:

Medical education, Problem-based learning, Student-centered learning, Teaching method

Abstract

This study was to compare the performance of the students (future pres-cribers) of four medical colleges using three modules on rational prescribing. Marks obtained (out of 35) in ‘student-centered learning’ approach in first and second assessment were 28.3 ± 3.4 and 23.7 ± 4.2 respectively, which is significantly (p<0.01) higher than the control (12.9 ± 6.4 and 10.0 ± 6.1). Marks obtained (out of 40) in ‘problem-based learning’ approach in first and second assessment were 38.2 ± 1.5 and 32.0 ± 2.4 respectively, which is significantly (p<0.01) higher than the control (23.2 ± 3.8 and 22.7 ± 2.4). Marks obtained (out of 40) in ‘integrated learning’ approach in first and second assessment were 32.0 ± 1.8 and 28.8 ± 2.0 respectively, which is significantly (p<0.01) higher than the control (20.9 ± 2.09 and 14.3 ± 3.7). Though the marks obtained in control and all three intervention groups in first assessment was significantly (p<0.05) reduced in the second assessment. Thus, student-centered, problem based and integrated learning approaches are more effective than traditional method.  

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Author Biographies

Mohosina Sultana Setu, Department of Pharmacology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Resident

Md. Sayedur Rahman, Department of Pharmacology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Shahbag, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Professor and Chairman

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Published

2021-10-01 — Updated on 2021-10-01

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How to Cite

Setu, M. S. . ., and M. S. . Rahman. “Application of Selected Components of ‘SPICES’ Model As Teaching-Learning Method in Pharmacology”. Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 16, no. 4, Oct. 2021, pp. 117-21, doi:10.3329/bjp.v16i4.55620.

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Research Articles