Pattern of occupational skin diseases among construction workers in Dhaka city

Authors

  • Mohammed Saiful Islam Bhuiyan Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology & Venereology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Md Shahidullah Sikder Professor of Dermatology & Venereology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Farhan Wadud Medical Officer, Department of Dermatology & Venereology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Sharmin Ahmed Medical Officer, Department of Dermatology & Venereology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Mohammad Omar Faruq Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, BSMMU, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bmj.v44i1.26338

Keywords:

Occupational dermatoses, construction workers, contact dermatitis

Abstract

Globally, occupational risks have been classed as the tenth leading cause of morbidity and mortality and occupational skin diseases are important problem in the construction industries. The current study was conducted to see the prevalence and pattern of skin diseases among construction workers in Dhaka city. This cross sectional observational study was conducted in the Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2013 to June 2014. Four hundred workers were randomly enrolled from 20 construction areas of Dhaka city. History were taken, physical examination and laboratory tests were done to see the presence and pattern of skin diseases. Among 400 workers only 23.0% uses protective measure and 59.5% has been suffered with at least one form of skin disease. Among them different dermatoses were found in following percentages i.e. irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) (28.15%), allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) (9.24 %), acne (14.29%), seborrheic dermatitis (10.92%), burn/scald (5.46%), accidental injury (7.14%), scabies (23.53%), fungal infection (dermatophytosis/pityriasis versicolor/candidiasis) (23.53%), palmoplantar keratoderma (13.87%), lichen simplex chronicus (3.78%), pyoderma (4.20%) and urticaria (2.52 %). Construction workers in Dhaka city bear a great burden of skin diseases, among which contact dermatitis is the most common and other skin diseases include fungal infection, scabies and acne. These occupational skin diseases may be prevented by providing improved work place, protective means, health education, adequate health services and improving professional skills.

Bangladesh Med J. 2015 Jan; 44 (1): 11-15

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Author Biography

Mohammed Saiful Islam Bhuiyan, Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology & Venereology, BSMMU, Dhaka



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Published

2016-01-12

How to Cite

Bhuiyan, M. S. I., Sikder, M. S., Wadud, F., Ahmed, S., & Faruq, M. O. (2016). Pattern of occupational skin diseases among construction workers in Dhaka city. Bangladesh Medical Journal, 44(1), 11–15. https://doi.org/10.3329/bmj.v44i1.26338

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Section

Original Articles