Effects of Iron and Amloki (EmblicaOfficinalis) on Serum Zinc Level in Anaemia with Pregnancy

Authors

  • Tahmina Akter Lecturer (Physiology) Dhaka Medical College and Hospital (DMCH), Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Qazi Shamima Akther Professor and Head, Department of Physiology, DMCH, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Saima Haque Lisa Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Parkview Medical College and Hospital, Sylhet, Bangladesh
  • Mst Ariza Sultana Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, National Institute of Neurosciences and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Farhana Sultana Assistant Professor (CC), Department of Physiology, Dhaka Community Medical College, Moghbazar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Sharmin Nahar Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, DMCH, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Sunjida Akter Suma Lecturer, Department of Physiology, DMCH, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Sayeda Tasnim Kamal Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, DMCH, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Tamanna Binte Habib Lecturer (Physiology), DMCH, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Farhana Rahman Lecturer (Physiology), DMCH, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bmj.v49i1.52587

Keywords:

Iron deficiency anaemia, pregnancy, amloki, zinc

Abstract

Pregnancy is associated with several trace elements deficiency in developing countries. Supplementation of iron in iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) has several side effects including alterations of serum zinc level. Traditionally, amloki is used as a well known supplement in pregnancy, which is rich in trace elements.To determine the effects of iron and amloki on serum zinc level in IDA with pregnancy. The study was a non blind, non random sampling interventional type of clinical trial. This study was performed in the Department of Physiology, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka on 43 pregnant women between 13th to 20th weeks of gestation with IDA from July 2016 to June 2017.  They were recruited from Outpatient Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Dhaka Medical College Hospital. Anaemic pregnant women supplemented with oral iron and amloki were considered as study group (A) and control group (B) were with only iron supplementation for 45 days. Serum zinc level was estimated in the laboratory of the Department of Soil, Water and Environment, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.  For statistical analysis, Paired Student’s‘t’ test and Unpaired Student’s‘t’ test were considered using SPSS 22.0 version. Significant decrease (p<0.001) of serum zinc level was observed after intervention of iron in both groups. In this study, there was no significant difference in serum zinc level in between study and control group. It can be concluded that oral iron supplementation causes decrease in serum zinc level in IDA with pregnancy. Amloki shows no significant role in preventing decrease of serum zinc level in this study.  Emblicaofficinalis (amloki) is traditionally used to treat iron deficiency anaemia. It can increase haemoglobin concentration and decrease side effects of iron supplementation.

Bangladesh Med J. 2020 Jan; 49 (1): 33-37

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
301
PDF
278

Downloads

Published

2021-01-19

How to Cite

Akter, T., Akther, Q. S., Lisa, S. H., Sultana, M. A., Sultana, F., Nahar, S., Suma, S. A., Kamal, S. T., Habib, T. B., & Rahman, F. (2021). Effects of Iron and Amloki (EmblicaOfficinalis) on Serum Zinc Level in Anaemia with Pregnancy. Bangladesh Medical Journal, 49(1), 33–37. https://doi.org/10.3329/bmj.v49i1.52587

Issue

Section

Original Articles