Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal <p>A multidisciplinary, quarterly, single-blinded peer-reviewed, open-access journal of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh. The journal follows the <a href="">International Journal of Medical Research Editors (ICMJE) </a>recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing and publication of scholarly work in medical journals. BSMMU Journal publishes multidisciplinary medical related original articles, brief articles, case reports, review articles, research letters, letter to editors, perspectives, commentary, editorials, and guest editorials.</p> <p>The online version of the journal is available in <a href="">HINARI</a>, <a href="">Directory of Open Access Journals</a>, <a href="">Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources</a>, <a href=";hl=en&amp;authuser=2">Google Scholar</a>, <a href="">Journals for Free</a>, <a href="">WorldCat</a>, <a href="">Ingenta Connect</a>, ASCI, SafetyLit, ResearchGate.</p> Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) Vice Chancellor office, Room: 113, Block: B; Shahbag, Dhaka 1000 Tel: 55165600, 9661065; PABX: 4597, 6666; FAX: 88-02-55165601 Email: en-US Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal 2074-2908 Workplace violence against healthcare workers in rural health facilities of Bangladesh and their quality of life: A cross-sectional study <p data-sider-select-id="b0fe621e-9dd4-4d28-af35-2bfafb26d8cf"><strong data-sider-select-id="e2b6bd65-8f83-4d68-8688-92d68cc10670">Background:</strong> The prevalence of verbal and physical violence against healthcare workers (HCWs) is reportedly high in Bangladesh. We aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with violence against HCWs in Bangladesh.</p> <p data-sider-select-id="b0fe621e-9dd4-4d28-af35-2bfafb26d8cf"><strong data-sider-select-id="8eb9b9da-392d-4365-8ca8-3fdb7f4af990">Methods:</strong> This cross-sectional study was done in May-June 2021 among 378 physicians and nurses working in 19 randomly selected rural government health facilities. A self-administered validated Bangla version of the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire on workplace violence (WPV) and the quality of life (QoL) was used. Multiple logistic regression analyses were done to find out the independent risk factors of WPV.</p> <p data-sider-select-id="b0fe621e-9dd4-4d28-af35-2bfafb26d8cf"><strong data-sider-select-id="9a4330f8-9016-49e2-bae5-b5822c737d59">Results:</strong> The prevalence of overall WPV was about 48.0% (psychological 46.6%, physical 5.0%, and sexual harassment 1.9%). However, the WPV reporting rate was very low (27.8%). Being a male (aOR= 2.18; 95% confidence interval: 1.22−3.90) and a physician (aOR = 2.93; 95% CI: 1.56−5.52) had increased the likelihood of experiencing WPV. HCWs who were encouraged to report WPV were less likely to experience WPV (aOR = 0.36; 95% CI: 0.18−0.70). Study participants exposed to WPV had sig-nificantly lower QoL (P&lt;0.01) in all the domains of WHOQOL-BREF (physical, psychological, social, and environmental).</p> <p data-sider-select-id="b0fe621e-9dd4-4d28-af35-2bfafb26d8cf"><strong data-sider-select-id="541aa29b-ad20-4519-8c7c-90dc8af1dc72">Conclusion:</strong> The study findings revealed that half of the HCWs working at rural government health facilities experienced WPV, which warrants proper investigation to adopt effective measures to reduce future occurrence. Moreover, the QoL of HCWs working in the aforementioned health facilities was significantly influenced by exposure to WPV.</p> Md Atiqul Haque Zubair Ahmed Ratan Abid Hasan Khan Sabrina Mousum Muhammad Ibrahim Ibne Towhid Md Enayet Ullah Md Maruf Haque Khan Mohammad Tanvir Islam Copyright (c) 2024 Md Atiqul Haque, Zubair Ahmed Ratan, Abid Hasan Khan, Sabrina Mousum, Muhammad Ibrahim Ibne Towhid, Md Enayet Ullah, Md Maruf Haque Khan, Mohammad Tanvir Islam 2024-05-21 2024-05-21 17 2 e71416 e71416 10.3329/bsmmuj.v17i2.71416 Sonographic biometry of apparently normal parotid gland among adults in Asaba, South-South Nigeria <p data-sider-select-id="6cc6a789-8e2f-48d1-aeab-835733f89c77"><strong data-sider-select-id="ea524743-6839-4078-9619-e325d56057c2">Background:</strong> Detecting subtle changes in the parotid gland size can be difficult when there are no established reference values in a specific area. This can affect patient management and delay early detection of diseases. Therefore, the objective of this study was to describe the size of the parotid gland of adult Nigerian people.<br /><strong data-sider-select-id="19a110bc-cbd0-40dd-b80a-c8bbf009ec60">Methods:</strong> This cross-sectional study included apparently healthy adults. The parotid glands were scanned in various sections using a 7.5 MHz probe after applying ultrasound gel. Each dimension was measured twice, and the mean value was calculat-ed. The 95% reference rages (mean ± 1.96 standard deviation) were described for various dimensions of the parotid glands.<br /><strong data-sider-select-id="298e59e2-9958-4f83-815b-861f2b635d89">Results:</strong> Four hundred healthy adults participated in the survey. Their mean (standard deviation) age was 38.6 (14.6) years. The mean (95% reference range) of both parotid lengths was 4.7 (4.1 – 5.3) cm. The right and left parotid transverse sizes were 3.8 (3.4 – 4.2) and 3.7 (2.9 – 4.5) respectively. The right and left parotid depths lateral to the mandible were 0.8 (0.4 – 1.2) and 0.9 (0.3 – 1.5), parotid depths dorsal to the mandible were 2.3 (1.7 – 2.9) and 2.2 (1.8 – 2.6), and parotid volume were 20.3 (13.3 – 27.1) and 19.8 (14.3 – 25.3) cm3. No significant difference was seen between the right and left parotid glands in men and women.<br /><strong data-sider-select-id="9bfc96ef-f95c-4b97-b43a-497ee0f10b9a">Conclusion:</strong> This study delineates the mean and reference range values of parotid glands among healthy adults of Nigeria which can be used for clinical decision making.</p> Ugwu Stephen Mbonuejike Chiegwu Hyacienth Uche Nwodo Victor Kelechi Omojola Akintayo Daniel Copyright (c) 2024 Ugwu Stephen Mbonuejike, Chiegwu Hyacienth Uche, Nwodo Victor Kelechi, Omojola Akintayo Daniel 2024-05-12 2024-05-12 17 2 e71436 e71436 10.3329/bsmmuj.v17i2.71436 Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome in a teenage patient, an unrecognized cause of rectal bleeding: A case report <p data-sider-select-id="b2c5dd31-132b-441b-9532-29a74e2f3b7b">Not available</p> Nadira Musabbir Md. Wahiduzzaman Mazumder Fahmida Begum, Md. Rukunuzzaman Copyright (c) 2024 Nadira Musabbir, Md. Wahiduzzaman Mazumder, Fahmida Begum,, Md. Rukunuzzaman 2024-05-12 2024-05-12 17 2 e69477 e69477 10.3329/bsmmuj.v17i2.69477 Intraoperative diagnosis of autonomic neuropathy in a case of Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A case report <p>Not available</p> Kazi Mahzabin Arin Chandra Shekhar Karmakar AKM Akhtaruzzaman Copyright (c) 2024 Kazi Mahzabin Arin, Chandra Shekhar Karmakar, AKM Akhtaruzzaman 2024-05-12 2024-05-12 17 2 e71958 e71958 10.3329/bsmmuj.v17i2.71958