Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University Journal https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ <p>A multidisciplinary, quarterly, single-blinded peer-reviewed, open-access journal of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh. The journal follows the <a href="https://www.icmje.org/journals-following-the-icmje-recommendations/">International Journal of Medical Research Editors (ICMJE) </a>recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing and publication of scholarly work in medical journals. BSMMU Journal publishes multidisciplinary medical related original articles, brief articles, case reports, review articles, research letters, letter to editors, perspectives, commentary, editorials, and guest editorials.</p> <p>The online version of the journal is available in <a href="https://portal.research4life.org/">HINARI</a>, <a href="https://doaj.org/toc/2224-7750?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22bool%22%3A%7B%22must%22%3A%5B%7B%22terms%22%3A%7B%22index.issn.exact%22%3A%5B%222074-2908%22%2C%222224-7750%22%5D%7D%7D%5D%7D%7D%2C%22size%22%3A100%2C%22sort%22%3A%5B%7B%22created_date%22%3A%7B%22order%22%3A%22desc%22%7D%7D%5D%2C%22_source%22%3A%7B%7D%2C%22track_total_hits%22%3Atrue%7D">Directory of Open Access Journals</a>, <a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2224-7750">Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources</a>, <a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=d2leSY4AAAAJ&amp;hl=en&amp;authuser=2">Google Scholar</a>, <a href="http://www.journals4free.com/link.jsp?l=22856359">Journals for Free</a>, <a href="https://www.worldcat.org/title/697598489">WorldCat</a>, <a href="https://www.ingentaconnect.com/">Ingenta Connect</a>, ASCI, SafetyLit, ResearchGate.</p> en-US journal.executiveeditor@bsmmu.edu.bd (Professor Dr. M Mostafa Zaman) banglajol.info@gmail.com (Md Fahmid Uddin Khondoker) Sun, 12 May 2024 05:34:20 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.6 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome in a teenage patient, an unrecognized cause of rectal bleeding: A case report https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/69477 <p data-sider-select-id="b2c5dd31-132b-441b-9532-29a74e2f3b7b">Not available</p> Nadira Musabbir, Md. Wahiduzzaman Mazumder, Fahmida Begum,, Md. Rukunuzzaman Copyright (c) 2024 Nadira Musabbir, Md. Wahiduzzaman Mazumder, Fahmida Begum,, Md. Rukunuzzaman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/69477 Sun, 12 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Intraoperative diagnosis of autonomic neuropathy in a case of Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A case report https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/71958 <p>Not available</p> Kazi Mahzabin Arin, Chandra Shekhar Karmakar, AKM Akhtaruzzaman Copyright (c) 2024 Kazi Mahzabin Arin, Chandra Shekhar Karmakar, AKM Akhtaruzzaman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/71958 Sun, 12 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Radiological features of pygopagus conjoined twins: A case report https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/70373 <p>Not available</p> Syeeda Showkat , Salahuddin Al Azad, Parisa Chowdhury, Shohaila Sharmin, Mahbuba Shirin Copyright (c) 2024 Syeeda Showkat , Salahuddin Al Azad, Parisa Chowdhury, Shohaila Sharmin, Mahbuba Shirin https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/70373 Tue, 28 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Sonographic biometry of apparently normal parotid gland among adults in Asaba, South-South Nigeria https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/71436 <p data-sider-select-id="6cc6a789-8e2f-48d1-aeab-835733f89c77"><strong data-sider-select-id="ea524743-6839-4078-9619-e325d56057c2">Background:</strong> Detecting subtle changes in the parotid gland size can be difficult when there are no established reference values in a specific area. This can affect patient management and delay early detection of diseases. Therefore, the objective of this study was to describe the size of the parotid gland of adult Nigerian people.<br /><strong data-sider-select-id="19a110bc-cbd0-40dd-b80a-c8bbf009ec60">Methods:</strong> This cross-sectional study included apparently healthy adults. The parotid glands were scanned in various sections using a 7.5 MHz probe after applying ultrasound gel. Each dimension was measured twice, and the mean value was calculat-ed. The 95% reference rages (mean ± 1.96 standard deviation) were described for various dimensions of the parotid glands.<br /><strong data-sider-select-id="298e59e2-9958-4f83-815b-861f2b635d89">Results:</strong> Four hundred healthy adults participated in the survey. Their mean (standard deviation) age was 38.6 (14.6) years. The mean (95% reference range) of both parotid lengths was 4.7 (4.1 – 5.3) cm. The right and left parotid transverse sizes were 3.8 (3.4 – 4.2) and 3.7 (2.9 – 4.5) respectively. The right and left parotid depths lateral to the mandible were 0.8 (0.4 – 1.2) and 0.9 (0.3 – 1.5), parotid depths dorsal to the mandible were 2.3 (1.7 – 2.9) and 2.2 (1.8 – 2.6), and parotid volume were 20.3 (13.3 – 27.1) and 19.8 (14.3 – 25.3) cm3. No significant difference was seen between the right and left parotid glands in men and women.<br /><strong data-sider-select-id="9bfc96ef-f95c-4b97-b43a-497ee0f10b9a">Conclusion:</strong> This study delineates the mean and reference range values of parotid glands among healthy adults of Nigeria which can be used for clinical decision making.</p> Ugwu Stephen Mbonuejike, Chiegwu Hyacienth Uche, Nwodo Victor Kelechi, Omojola Akintayo Daniel Copyright (c) 2024 Ugwu Stephen Mbonuejike, Chiegwu Hyacienth Uche, Nwodo Victor Kelechi, Omojola Akintayo Daniel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/71436 Sun, 12 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Workplace violence against healthcare workers in rural health facilities of Bangladesh and their quality of life: A cross-sectional study https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/71416 <p data-sider-select-id="b0fe621e-9dd4-4d28-af35-2bfafb26d8cf"><strong data-sider-select-id="e2b6bd65-8f83-4d68-8688-92d68cc10670">Background:</strong> The prevalence of verbal and physical violence against healthcare workers (HCWs) is reportedly high in Bangladesh. We aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with violence against HCWs in Bangladesh.</p> <p data-sider-select-id="b0fe621e-9dd4-4d28-af35-2bfafb26d8cf"><strong data-sider-select-id="8eb9b9da-392d-4365-8ca8-3fdb7f4af990">Methods:</strong> This cross-sectional study was done in May-June 2021 among 378 physicians and nurses working in 19 randomly selected rural government health facilities. A self-administered validated Bangla version of the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire on workplace violence (WPV) and the quality of life (QoL) was used. Multiple logistic regression analyses were done to find out the independent risk factors of WPV.</p> <p data-sider-select-id="b0fe621e-9dd4-4d28-af35-2bfafb26d8cf"><strong data-sider-select-id="9a4330f8-9016-49e2-bae5-b5822c737d59">Results:</strong> The prevalence of overall WPV was about 48.0% (psychological 46.6%, physical 5.0%, and sexual harassment 1.9%). However, the WPV reporting rate was very low (27.8%). Being a male (aOR= 2.18; 95% confidence interval: 1.22−3.90) and a physician (aOR = 2.93; 95% CI: 1.56−5.52) had increased the likelihood of experiencing WPV. HCWs who were encouraged to report WPV were less likely to experience WPV (aOR = 0.36; 95% CI: 0.18−0.70). Study participants exposed to WPV had sig-nificantly lower QoL (P&lt;0.01) in all the domains of WHOQOL-BREF (physical, psychological, social, and environmental).</p> <p data-sider-select-id="b0fe621e-9dd4-4d28-af35-2bfafb26d8cf"><strong data-sider-select-id="541aa29b-ad20-4519-8c7c-90dc8af1dc72">Conclusion:</strong> The study findings revealed that half of the HCWs working at rural government health facilities experienced WPV, which warrants proper investigation to adopt effective measures to reduce future occurrence. Moreover, the QoL of HCWs working in the aforementioned health facilities was significantly influenced by exposure to WPV.</p> Md Atiqul Haque, Zubair Ahmed Ratan, Abid Hasan Khan, Sabrina Mousum, Muhammad Ibrahim Ibne Towhid, Md Enayet Ullah, Md Maruf Haque Khan, Mohammad Tanvir Islam Copyright (c) 2024 Md Atiqul Haque, Zubair Ahmed Ratan, Abid Hasan Khan, Sabrina Mousum, Muhammad Ibrahim Ibne Towhid, Md Enayet Ullah, Md Maruf Haque Khan, Mohammad Tanvir Islam https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/71416 Tue, 21 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Chromosomal abnormalities in primary and secondary amenorrhea https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/71546 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Menstruation is an important physiological function of the female reproductive system. The absence of menstruation is called amenorrhea. Many genetic and nongenetic causes are responsible for primary or secondary amenorrhea. This study aimed to determine the types chromosomal abnormalities among patients with primary or secondary amenorrhea.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>It was a cross-sectional study conducted in the Department of Pathology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, from September 2019 to August 2021. A total of 115 women who had come for a karyotype test with complaints of pathological amenorrhea were purposively selected. One hundred five cases presented with primary amenorrhea, and 10 cases presented with secondary amenorrhea. Karyotype analysis in peripheral blood by G-banding was carried out using the standard method.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Among the 105 patients with primary amenorrhea, 53.3% of patients had a normal karyotype (46, XX), and 46.6% had chromosomal abnormalities (numerical or structural). Turner syndrome classic, 45, XO (16.2%) and 46, XY DSD (Disorders of Sexual Development) (11.4%) were the two most frequent chromosomal abnormalities found in the patients with primary amenorrhea. Among the 10 cases with secondary amenorrhea, seven patients had normal karyotype, and three patients had chromosomal abnormalities (2 had sex chromosomal abnormalities, and 1 had a structural abnormality of autosome).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The study of chromosomal abnormalities will help in the early and accurate diagnosis of the underlying aetiology of primary or secondary amenorrhea. It will also help in the management and proper counselling of cases.</p> <p> </p> Tasnim Binte Ahmed, Jasmine Akhter Jahan, Bishnu Pada Dey, Saequa Habib Copyright (c) 2024 Tasnim Binte Ahmed, Jasmine Akhter Jahan, Bishnu Pada Dey, Saequa Habib https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/71546 Tue, 28 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Seeing the world in colour: The story of vibrant colourblind glasses https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/72870 <p>Not available</p> Md. Saifuddin Ahmed, Mohammad Wazed Evna Wahid, Md Maruf Haque Khan Copyright (c) 2024 Md. Saifuddin Ahmed, Mohammad Wazed Evna Wahid, Md Maruf Haque Khan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/72870 Sat, 25 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000 Decoding research: Philosophical pillars of research paradigms https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/73249 <p data-sider-select-id="4a43755c-4c36-4ab5-9a14-cc6e72fd6625">Not available</p> Tanvir C Turin, Nashit Chowdhury, Mohammad Raihan Copyright (c) 2024 Tanvir C Turin, Nashit Chowdhury, Mohammad Raihan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://banglajol.info/index.php/BSMMUJ/article/view/73249 Thu, 23 May 2024 00:00:00 +0000