Study of Fasting Lipid Profile in Patients with Subclinical Hypothyroidism in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh
Keywords:Subclinical hypothyroidism, Fasting lipid profile, Total cholesterol, Triglycerides, HDL-C, LDL-C, Thyroid stimulating hormone, Thyroxine
Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is a metabolic disorder with prevalence about 4-10% in general population. This study was conducted to observe the pattern of fasting lipid profile in SCH and to correlate the components of it with thyroid stimulating hormone and free thyroxin level. This cross sectional observational study included 31 newly diagnosed cases of SCH and 17 age and BMI matched healthy control subjects with normal thyroid function test. Fasting lipid profile was recorded and compared. TSH was significantly higher in SCH compared to controls (9.09±2.79 vs 2.31±0.92 μIU/ml; p=0.001). FT4 was comparable between the groups (1.17±0.18 vs 1.28±0.20 ng/dl; p=0.938). Significantly higher level of Total cholesterol and LDL-C were observed in SCH compared to controls (TC 194.77±29.70 vs 156.59±20.45 mg/dl; p=0.042 and LDL-C 124.81±27.85 mg/dl vs 88.59±18.41mg/dl; p=0.045 respectively). Triglycerides and HDL-C were comparable between the groups (TG 134.90±80.97 vs 118.12±49.14 mg/dl; p=0.171 and HDL-C 42.87±4.83 vs 44.47±5.66; p=0.633 respectively). TSH showed significant positive correlation with TC and LDL-C (r=0.591, p<0.001 and r=0.644, p<0.001 respectively), but not with TG or HDL-C (r=0.011, p=0.943 and r=0.115, p=0.435 respectively). FT4 only showed significant negative correlation with LDL-C (r=0.302; P=0.037) but not with TC, TG or HDL-C (TC: r=0.245, P=0.093; TG: r=0.121, p=0.411 and HDL-C: r=0.108, p=0.466 respectively). SCH is associated with raised TC and LDL-C. So patients with SCH are more vulnerable to develop future adverse cardio-metabolic complications.
Faridpur Med. Coll. J. 2021;16(1):17-20