Socio-demographic Characteristics of Depressive Illness Patients Attending a Selected Military Hospital
Keywords:Depressive illness, Gender difference, Epidemiological and Socio-demographic features
Introduction:Depressive illness is generally not perceived as an important public health problem and is not priority in health care delivery system in Bangladesh. It is the leading cause of disease-related disability in the country today. Gender differences in depression are likely to be result of certain risk factors.
Objectives: To find out gender difference in epidemiological and socio-demographic features associated with depressive illness.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross sectional study was carried out among 91 diagnosed depressive patients attending in the psychiatry department of CMH Dhaka from January to December 2014. The patients were interviewed through an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed by using SPSS version 20. Chi-square test was used to see the level of significance.
Results: In this study the mean age of the patients was 34.47±9.577 years. The study revealed that depressive illness appears to be more in female during child bearing and child rearing period of 16-39 years and male of 40-63 years were more sufferer than female which was significantly different (p<0.05). In this study 63.74% of patients were female and 36.26% were male with ratio of 1.757:1. It was observed that the association of depression with residence in urban area in female (72.1%) was significantly (p<0.05) higher than male (27.9%) in the same area. This study revealed that the association of depression with history of financial hardship in female was statistically significant (p<0.05) over their male counter-part.The study also revealed that strenuous job was significantly (p<0.05) associated with depression in female than male.
Conclusion: The overall finding of the study indicates that possibility of gender difference in certain epidemiological and sociodemographic features of depressive illness is significantly present. As depressive illness has significant impact on burden of disease and quality of life, this issue needs to be addressed.
JAFMC Bangladesh. Vol 15, No 2 (December) 2019: 178-180