Malnutrition among 3 to 5 Years Old Children in Baghdad City, Iraq: A Cross-sectional Study

Authors

  • Hasanain Faisal Ghazi Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur
  • Jamsiah Mustafa Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur
  • Syed Aljunid Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur and United Nations University, International Institute for Global Health, Kuala Lumpur
  • Zaleha Md Isa Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur
  • Mohammed A Abdalqader Department of Community Health, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v31i3.16827

Keywords:

Children, Insecure living environment, Underweight, Iraq

Abstract

The unstable geopolitical situation in Iraq since 2003 still affects the health of people, especially children. Several factors may indirectly affect a childs nutritional status. The main aim of this study was to identify factors contributing to malnutrition among 3 to 5 years old children in Baghdad city, Iraq. Two hundred twenty children aged 3 to 5 years were chosen randomly from four kindergartens in Baghdad city according to the cross-sectional design. The nutritional status of the children was assessed using a weight-for-age z-score based on the World Health Organization 2007 cutoff points, in which any child with a z-score of <-2 is considered to be malnourished. The overall prevalence rate of underweight children was 18.2%. There was no significant difference in the prevalence rate between males and females (p=0.797). However, the percentage of underweight children was slightly higher among females (18.9%) compared to males (17.6%). There was no association between parents educational level or employment status and childhood malnutrition. There was no association between a familys movement from their house and childhood malnutrition (p=0.322). Living in an unsafe neighbourhood and having a family member killed during the past five years were significantly associated with childhood malnutrition (p=0.016 and 0.018 respectively). Childhood malnutrition is still a public-health concern in Baghdad city, especially after the war of 2003. Malnutrition is significantly associated with living in unsafe neighbourhoods and at least one family member having been killed during the past five years.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v31i3.16827

J HEALTH POPUL NUTR 2013 Sep; 31(3): 350-355

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Published

2013-11-03

How to Cite

Ghazi, H. F., Mustafa, J., Aljunid, S., Isa, Z. M., & Abdalqader, M. A. (2013). Malnutrition among 3 to 5 Years Old Children in Baghdad City, Iraq: A Cross-sectional Study. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 31(3), 350–355. https://doi.org/10.3329/jhpn.v31i3.16827

Issue

Section

Original Papers