Effect of Decortication for Empyema Thoracis by Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery on Pulmonary Function

Authors

  • Mohammad Mashukur Rahman Chisty Senior Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, Dhaka National Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Kazi Saiful Islam Associate Professor & Unit Chief, National Institute of Disease and the Chest Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Abdur Rahim Assistant Professor, National Institute of Disease and the Chest Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md Mahfuzur Rahman Resident Medical Officer, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Lab-Aid Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Apurbo Kumar Choudhury Indoor Medical Officer, Department of Vascular Surgery, Sher-E-Bangla Medical College Hospital, Barisal, Bangladesh
  • Rajib Banik Specialist, Department of Thoracic Surgery, United Hospital Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Avishek Sarker Dhruba Registrar, Department of Cardiac Surgery, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/jninb.v8i1.59939

Keywords:

Long-term Effects; Pulmonary Function; Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery; decortication; Empyema Thoracis

Abstract

Background: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is the minimally-invasive procedure for decortication which may improve pulmonary function postoperatively.

Objective: The aim of the study was to find out the long time outcome in relation to pulmonary function after VATS decortication.

Methodology: This cohort study was conducted in the Department of Thoracic Surgery at National Institute of Diseases of the Chest and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh during the period of March 2018 to July 2020. After fulfillment of enrollment criteria patients were selected. Spirometric value (FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC) were evaluated before and after operative procedure and during subsequent three follow ups.

Results: FVC changes between preoperative and postoperative consecutive three follow up periods show significant difference (p<0.001). FEV1 changes between preoperative and postoperative consecutive three follow up periods show significant difference (p<0.001). FEV1/FVC changes between preoperative and postoperative consecutive three follow up periods show non-significant difference (p=0.068).

Conclusion: In conclusion after VATS decortication postoperative spirometric values improve significantly compared to preoperative spirometric values in the course of treatment of empyema thoracis.

Journal of National Institute of Neurosciences Bangladesh, January 2022; 8(1):69-72

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Published

2022-05-27

How to Cite

Rahman Chisty, M. M. ., Islam, K. S. ., Rahim, A. ., Rahman, M. M. ., Choudhury, A. K. ., Banik, R. ., & Dhruba, A. S. (2022). Effect of Decortication for Empyema Thoracis by Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery on Pulmonary Function. Journal of National Institute of Neurosciences Bangladesh, 8(1), 69–72. https://doi.org/10.3329/jninb.v8i1.59939

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Section

Original Research Articles