Therapeutic Potential of Nelumbo nucifera (Sacred Lotus) in CNS Disorders

Authors

  • Kangkana Mitra Pharmacy Discipline, Life Science School, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh
  • Md Abdur Raihan Department of Pharmacy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science & Technology University Gopalganj 8100, Bangladesh
  • Md Abdur Rahman Pharmacy Discipline, Life Science School, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh
  • Razina Rouf Department of Pharmacy, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science & Technology University Gopalganj 8100, Bangladesh
  • Hasan Mahmud Reza Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Shaikh Jamal Uddin Pharmacy Discipline, Life Science School, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh
  • Ilias Muhammad National Center for Natural Products Research, School of Pharmacy, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/dujps.v20i3.59800

Keywords:

Nelumbo nucifera, lotus, Poddo, alkaloids, benzyl tetrahydroisoquinoline, flavonoids, neurological disorders

Abstract

Nelumbo nucifera (sacred lotus), locally known as Poddo, has been used as food and traditional remedy in Ayurvedic system in India and Traditional Chinese Medicine for a wide range of diseases. During past two decades, there are numerous scientific studies and general reviews have been published on its phytochemistry and pharmacology. However, in this paper, we aim to make a survey on neuropharmacological effects, as well as psychoactivities, of N. nucifera, identifying the active constituents and their proposed mechanism of actions which has not been systematically documented in the literature. Several online databases, including Google Scholar, PubMed, Web of Science, Science Direct, and Scopus were employed to conduct this survey. Previous studies have demonstrated that N. nucifera has potential neuropharmacological effects in various test systems, including in vivo animal models and in vitro cultured cells or enzymes through various mechanistic pathways, including 5-HT2A receptor blockade, GABAergic system, regulating the NCAM and GAP-43 expression levels, regulating for skolinstimulated cAMP production, and many more. Our survey showed that many alkaloids isolated from N. nucifera demonstrated antidepressant, sedative-hypnotic, anxiolytic, analgesia-potentiating action, anticonvulsant, antipsychotic, and memory enhancer activities. Although many studies have showed potential neurotherapeutic benefits of this plant and many of its constituents, but the focus of research towards clinical trial in human is rather very limited.

Dhaka Univ. J. Pharm. Sci. 20(3): 347-358, 2022 (June) Centennial Special Issue

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Published

2022-06-09

How to Cite

Mitra, K. ., Raihan, M. A., Rahman, M. A., Rouf, R. ., Reza, H. M. ., Uddin, S. J. ., & Muhammad, I. (2022). Therapeutic Potential of Nelumbo nucifera (Sacred Lotus) in CNS Disorders. Dhaka University Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 20(3), 347–358. https://doi.org/10.3329/dujps.v20i3.59800