Journal of Science Foundation https://banglajol.info/index.php/JSF The official journal of the Bangladesh Science Foundation. Full text articles available. Bangladesh Science Foundation en-US Journal of Science Foundation 1728-7855 Medication and Treatment Complexity of Epilepsy: Bangladesh Perspective https://banglajol.info/index.php/JSF/article/view/40865 <p>Abstract not available</p> <p>Journal of Science Foundation 2018;16(2):32-33</p> Mohammad Enayet Hussain ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-01 2019-04-01 16 2 32 33 10.3329/jsf.v16i2.40865 Maternal Outcome of among the Primigravida Women Presented with Fetal Head Engagement: Experience of 1440 Cases in Bangladesh https://banglajol.info/index.php/JSF/article/view/40866 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Maternal outcome is an important issue among the primigravida women presented with fetal head engagement.</p> <p><strong>Objectives: </strong>The purpose of the present study was to observe the maternal outcome of among the primigravida women presented with fetal head engagement.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This descriptive cohort study was carried out in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at Sir Salimullah Medical College and Mitford Hospital, Dhaka from June 2006 to December 2006 for a period of sic (6) months. Primaigravida women with 38 or more weeks of pregnancy having single foetus with cephalic presentation were selected as study population. Maternal outcome was measured in terms of incidence of post-partum hemorrhage, injury to the birth canal, wound infection and puerperal sepsis.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>A total number of 1440 pregnant women were recruited for this study. Maximum number of patients was in the age group of 21 to 24 years which was 897(62.29%). Post partum hemorrhage (PPH) was reported in 7(2.67%) cases in engaged group and 17(1.44%) cases in non-engaged group. Birth canal injury was recorded in 4(1.53%) cases and 12(1.02%) cases in engaged and non-engaged group respectively. Wound infection was found in 8(3.05%) cases and 81(6.88%) cases in engaged and non-engaged group respectively. Regarding puerperal sepsis it was found in 3(1.15%) cases and 11(0.93%) cases in engaged and non-engaged group respectively</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>In conclusion PPH, birth canal injury, wound infection and puerperal sepsis are commonly found in non-engaged group</p> <p>Journal of Science Foundation 2018;16(2):34-37</p> Dewan Shahida Banu Rifat Sultana Mahmuda Khatun Shafeya Khanam Faiza Chowdhury Shahana Nazneen Shimul Akter Tahamina Khanum ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-01 2019-04-01 16 2 34 37 10.3329/jsf.v16i2.40866 Correlation of Actual Fetal Weight with Clinically and Ultrasonographically detected Macrosomia cases among Diabetic Mother https://banglajol.info/index.php/JSF/article/view/40867 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Correlation of actual fetal weight with clinically and ultrasonographically detected macrosomia cases among diabetic mother is very essential for the management of the neonates.</p> <p><strong>Objectives: </strong>The purpose of the present study was to correlate actual fetal weight with clinically and ultrasonographically detected macrosomia cases among diabetic mother.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This cross-sectional study was carried out in inpatient Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and in outpatients Department of Radiology and Imaging, BIRDEM during the period of April 2005 to March 2007. Pregnant women with diagnosed diabetes mellitus (DM) or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) selected for caesarean section or induction of labour, gestational age 236 weeks having 23700 gm by clinical method were included in this study. First clinical estimation of fetal weight was done by the investigator then Radiologist estimated the fetal weight without knowing the EFW by clinical method. The actual birth weight was estimated after the birth of the babies.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>The mean (+SD) age of the patients was 30.8±5.1 years ranged from 20 to 40 years. A significant correlation (r=0.5081; p&lt;0.05) was found between clinically estimated fetal weight (gm) and actual birth weight (macrosomia) (gm). Significant correlation (r=0.6199; p&lt;0.05) was found between sonographically estimated fetal weight (gm) and actual birth weight (macrosomia) (gm). Significant correlation (r=0.4863; p&lt;0.05) was found between clinically estimated fetal weight (gm) and sonographically estimated fetal weight (gm).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The study findings indicate that clinical method can be used instead of ultrasonography for prediction of macrosomia in diabetic mother</p> <p>Journal of Science Foundation 2018;16(2):38-44</p> Shamsun Nahar Kashefa Khatun Tahmina Khanum TA Chowdhury AS Mohiuddin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-01 2019-04-01 16 2 38 44 10.3329/jsf.v16i2.40867 Socio-demographic Characteristics of Cataract Patients attended at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh https://banglajol.info/index.php/JSF/article/view/40868 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Cataract is the leading cause for avoidable blindness in the world.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The purpose of the present study was to see the socio-demographic characteristics of cataract patients.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This cross-sectional study was conducted at National Institute of Ophthalmology, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 1999 to December 2000 for a period of two (02) years. Patients with senile cataract were selected for study. The details socio-demographic characteristics of the study population were collected which were age, sex, occupation. Data were collected on pre-designed data collection sheet, compiled and appropriate statistical analysis was done using computer based software.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>A total number of 60 cataract patients were recruited for this study. The mean age with the standard deviation was 58.8±6.055 years. The male and female ratio was 1.31:1. Majority were farmer which was 29(48.3%) cases followed by house wife, grocer and office peon which were 26(43.3%) cases, 4(6.7%) cases and 1(1.7%) case respectively. Most of the patients were from poor socio-economic condition which was 34(56.7%) cases. Majority of the patients were illiterate which was 47(78.3%) cases.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>In conclusion old age male patients coming from poor socioeconomic condition are the most commonly affected by cataract</p> <p>Journal of Science Foundation 2018;16(2):45-48</p> Shamima Sultana AQM Omar Sharif Inamur Rahman Choudhury MM Ehsanul Haque Wahida Begum ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-01 2019-04-01 16 2 45 48 10.3329/jsf.v16i2.40868 Comparison of Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Ethanolic Extract of Carica Papaya Leaves and Indomethacin in Carrageenan Induced Rat Paw Edema Animal Model https://banglajol.info/index.php/JSF/article/view/40869 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Carica papaya is very useful vegetables for daily living.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The purpose of the present study was to compare the anti-inflammatory effect of ethanolic extract of Carica papaya leaves and indomethacin in carrageenan induced rat paw edema animal model.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This was an animal study carried out in the Department of Pharmacology at Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh during the period from July 2014 to June 2015 for a period of one (01) year. The leaves of <em>Carica Papaya </em>collected from Botanical garden, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The animals were divided into four groups. Inflammation was produced by injecting 0.1 ml of 1% carrageenan solution in normal saline in all experimental animals. Group I were served as control that received normal saline. Group II were received ethanolic extract of <em>Carica Papaya</em>. Group III were received ethanolic extract of <em>Carica Papaya </em>leaves. Group IV were received indomethacin.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>The experiment was carried out on 48 Long Evan Norwegian rats. Rats were divided in 4 groups of six animals each. The mean initial antero-posterior diameter of rat’s paw of group I, II, III and IV were 3.83±0.04, 2.12±0.02, 1.74±0.01 and 1.60±0.03 respectively. The inhibition of edema formation were 44.64%, 54.57% and 58.22% in group II, III and IV respectively.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>In conclusion the Carica papaya leaves has anti-inflammatory effect</p> <p>Journal of Science Foundation 2018;16(2):49-53</p> Afroza Sultana Asma Khan Rumana Afroz Onayza Yasmeen Muqbula Tasrin Aktar Md Abdullah Yusuf ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-01 2019-04-01 16 2 49 53 10.3329/jsf.v16i2.40869 Clinico-Demographic Profiles and Urinary Albumin in Prediction of Preeclampsia among Pregnant Women at a Tertiary Care Hospital https://banglajol.info/index.php/JSF/article/view/40870 <p><strong>Background: </strong>The clinical profiles and urinary albumin are very important for the prediction of preeclampsia among the pregnant women.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The purpose of the present study was to assess the clinical and demographic profiles as well as the urinary albumin for the prediction of preeclampsia among the pregnant women.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This cohort study was conducted in the OPD of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Rajshahi Medical College Hospital, Rajshahi, Bangladesh from January 2013 to December 2014 for a period of two (2) years. This study was carried on pregnant woman attending in outdoor department of Gynaecology, Rajshahi Medical College Hospital, Rajshahi, Bangladesh before 20<sup>th</sup> weeks of pregnancy who were healthy normotensive primigravidae with singleton pregnancy. The details demographic profiles, edema were collected from the study population. Urinary albumin was estimated before 20<sup>th</sup> weeks and after 28<sup>th</sup> weeks of pregnancy.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>In the present study, 75 women were included; all were before 20<sup>th</sup> weeks of pregnancy without any complication or any risk factor for developing PE. Among the study group incidence of PE was 16%. The population are 24(32.0%) low, 31(41.3%) middle and 20(26.7%) high in socio economic conditions. Education level of study population was 45% completed primary education level, illiterate (27%) and secondary education (28%). Edema was absent in 1<sup>st</sup> visit, in 2<sup>nd</sup> visit 6(+), 6(++) present who developed PE, 18(+) present who did not develop PE. Edema was absent in 1<sup>st</sup> visit and (+) 6(50.0%) and (++) in 6(50.0%) present who developed PE in 2<sup>nd</sup> visit. Urine albumin in 1st visit nil in 6(50.0%), trace in 3(25.0%) and (+) in 3(25.0%) who developed PE.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>In conclusion housewife living in urban area in middle income socioeconomic condition are the most commonly presented with preeclampsia and urinary albumin is the most commonly detected in the pregnant women presented with preeclampsia</p> <p>Journal of Science Foundation 2018;16(2):54-59</p> Taslima Begum Khr Md Shahjahan Ali Shafeya Khanam Md Anwar Habib Shipra Chaudhury Shahela Jesmin Shimul Akter ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-01 2019-04-01 16 2 54 59 10.3329/jsf.v16i2.40870 Variation of Clinical Estimation of Foetal Weight: Experience of 247 Cases in Dhaka City https://banglajol.info/index.php/JSF/article/view/40871 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Foetal weight detection can vary by examining clinically.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>The purpose of the present study was to see the variation of clinical foetal weight among the newborn infant.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This prospective cohort study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics &amp; Gynaecology at Rajshahi Medical Hospital, Rajshahi, Bangladesh from July 2012 to June 2014 for a period of 2(two) years. Pregnant women with known gestational age at term (38 to 40 weeks of pregnancy), singleton pregnancy with longitudinal lie were included in this study. The clinical estimation of foetal weight was done. Actual birth weights of babies were measured soon after their birth. This weight was measured within the first hour of life. They were weighed naked.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>A total number of 245 pregnant women in term pregnancy were recruited as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. Majority of the women [91(37.1%)] belonged to the age group 25 to 29 years, 83 (33.9%) in the age group 19 to 24 years. Low Birth Weight was found 14(5.7%) cases in clinical examination and 15(6.0%) cases in actual cases. Normal birth weight was found 215(87.8%) cases and 221(90.3%) cases in clinical examination and actual weight respectively. The mean with SD of foetal weight among the study population were 3283.27±461.05 gm and 2936.20±456.71 gram in clinical examination and actual weight respectively (<em>p </em>&lt; 0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>In conclusion there is a significant variation of clinical estimation of foetal weight</p> <p>Journal of Science Foundation 2018;16(2):60-64</p> Tahmida Firdousi Taslima Begum Shimul Akter Nur Mohammad ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-01 2019-04-01 16 2 60 64 10.3329/jsf.v16i2.40871 Obstetrics Factors Related with Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Patients https://banglajol.info/index.php/JSF/article/view/40872 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Pelvic Inflammatory disease is a very common gynaecological condition among the women.</p> <p><strong>Objectives: </strong>The purpose of the present study was to see the obstetrics factors related with the pelvic inflammatory disease.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from November 2001 to April 2002 during the period of six (06) months and December 2002 to February 2003 for three (03) months with the total duration of nine (09) months. Women in child bearing age who were suffering from chronic pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) attended at the OPD of gynecology Department at Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh were selected as study population. Relevant data from each patient were recorded in a questionnaire.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>A total number of 150 cases were studied. Out of 146 patients 75.3% were delivered at home, 8.2% at hospital and 16.4% cases had their deliveries at home and at hospital also. Out of 146 patients 63.0% were delivered by untrained birth attendants at home and 36.99% were delivered by trained birth attendants. Out of 146 patients 54.1% had history of puerperal sepsis. However, the rest of the 67(45.9%) cases were normal puerperium. In this study 84.0% patients had history of MR, 18 percent had spontaneous abortion and 4.7 percent had induced abortion. Out of these 115 patients with history of pregnancy termination, 47.3% patients had history of pelvic infection following that event. Also, 2.7% gave history of ectopic pregnancy.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>In conclusion most of the PID patients are delivered at home with untrained birth attendants with the history of puerperal sepsis</p> <p>Journal of Science Foundation 2018;16(2):65-69</p> Nadira Khan Firoza Rahman Nilufar Jahan Rahela Khatun Shafeya Khanam ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-04-01 2019-04-01 16 2 65 69 10.3329/jsf.v16i2.40872