Factors associated with use of antenatal care services in a rural area of Bangladesh
Keywords:Antenatal care, Factors, Community-based study, Rural area, Bangladesh
Antenatal care (ANC) includes care during pregnancy, should begin from the early stages of pregnancy. ANC al-lows management of pregnancy, detection and treatment of complications, and promotion of better maternal and child health. This study assessed the factors relating to maternal healthcare practices in rural Bangladesh and exam-ined the association between use of antenatal care services and socio-demographic variables of rural women. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Madhupur upazila of Tangail district. Postnatal mothers who visited the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) centers constituted as sampling frame and selected. The sample size was determined based available information on the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2007. In total 360 randomly selected postnatal mothers were interviewed using structured questionnaire for collecting information on demographic characteristics, knowledge on ANC and practices. The mean (±SD) age of the respondents was 24(±4.4) years. Most (95.6%) of them were housewives. Twenty-two percent of the respon-dents were from the poorest socioeconomic class. Mothers who had one living child had the highest percentage of adequate ANC use compared to those who had two or more living children. Access to mass media (newspapers and TV) had a positive significant (p<0.001) effect on the use of ANC services. The results of logistic regression analy-sis showed that, after adjusting other factors, respondents who had secondary-level education were 4.5 times more likely to use ANC adequately compared to those who had no education. The findings suggested that education of the mothers is an important determinant of ANC visits during pregnancy. Therefore, information, education and communication on ANC must be intensified in order to reach the rural mothers.
South East Asia J Public Health | Jul-Dec 2012 | Vol 2 Issue 2 | 61-66
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).