Oral Health Status and its Impact on Daily Performance in Adult Population with Diabetes

Authors

  • Jesmin Sultana Lucky Assistant Professor (Dental Public Health) Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dental Unit, Dhaka
  • Kazi Silvia Kabir Lecturer (Dental jurist, law and ethics) Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dental Unit, Dhaka
  • AFM Shahidur Rahman Associate Professor (Oral and Maxillofacial surgery) Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Dental Unit, Dhaka
  • Polash Das Dental student, (D-53)- Dhaka Dental College, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/updcj.v11i1.53001

Keywords:

Dental caries, diabetes, Community Periodontal Index, Dental Status

Abstract

Background: According to World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes mellitus, is a silent epidemic which affects large number of people around the world and is directly related to the oral health status of the patients.

Objectives: To know the level of oral health and its impact on daily performance in adult population with Diabetes.

Methods: A cross sectional study was comprised of group of 100 diabetic patients (males=68, females=32) from the OPD of Dhaka Dental College and Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical college, Dental unit of Dhaka. Oral health status is assessed by WHO described DMFT caries index and CPITN (community periodontal index treatment need). And oral impact on daily performance is determined by a modified form of OIDP index. Clinical examinations were included for the assessment of Dental Status. Chi-square was used for statistical evaluation.

Results: Mean DMFT of the study population of Decayed, Missing and filled tooth were 3.89±3.35, 3.04±2.66 and 3.87±2.66 However, in case of CPITN index of the study population, Supragingival or subgingival pocket more than 6mm was in 32% cases. Mean scores of overall impacts on daily performances (OIDP) was 2.18±1.85. Bivariate analysis revealed that the self-reported oral impacts from the participants were not significantly associated (p≥0.05) with those who were diagnosed with presence of periodontal pockets more than 6 mm (32%).

Conclusions: Oral health is an essential part of general health. Despite dental caries was comparatively low in diabetics, periodontal status was compromised which affected the participant’s daily life chiefly through difficulty in eating. Routinely follow-up of dental problems of the diabetics and oral health education is much required.

Update Dent. Coll. j: 2021; 11 (1): 7-10

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
248
PDF
215

Downloads

Published

2021-04-15

How to Cite

Lucky, J. S., Kabir, K. S., Rahman, A. S., & Das, P. (2021). Oral Health Status and its Impact on Daily Performance in Adult Population with Diabetes. Update Dental College Journal, 11(1), 7–10. https://doi.org/10.3329/updcj.v11i1.53001

Issue

Section

Original Articles