Prevalence of seed-borne Fusarium in local rice cultivars from Barishal district

Authors

  • Md Mejbah Uddin Mubin Department of Plant Pathology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
  • Abu Ashraf Khan Department of Plant Pathology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
  • Md Abdul Kader Department of Plant Pathology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
  • Md Mahidul Islam Masum Department of Plant Pathology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh
  • Md Mahbubur Rahman Institute of Biotechnology and Genetics Engineering, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur 1706, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/aba.v27i2.72516

Keywords:

Farmer’s seed, blotter method, seedling mortality, Fusarium equiseti, Fusarium fujikuroi

Abstract

Seed-borne diseases cause substantial yield loss of rice every year. The present study was conducted to determine the status of seed-borne Fusarium spp. infection in farmers’ saved rice seeds of nine local cultivars collected from all ten upazila of Barishal district. Two fungal species of Fusarium, i.e., Fusarium fujikuroi, and Fusarium equiseti were identified based on morphological characteristics using the blotter method. The highest infection of F. fujikuroi was observed in Babuganj upazila (11.11%), followed by Agailjhara (8.83%). On the other hand, the highest infection of F. equiseti was observed in Bakerganj (8.17%), followed by Mehendiganj (8.05%). The lowest infection of F. fujikuroi and F. equiseti was observed in Muladi, with values of 5.22% and 4.54%, respectively. Among local cultivars, the highest infection of F. fujikuroi (7.11%) was observed in Lalpaika followed by Sakkhorkora (6.83%). On the other hand, the highest infection of F. equiseti was observed in Dudhmona (9.17%) followed by Kajalshail (8.94%). The lowest infection of F. fujikuroi and F. equiseti was observed in the Bhushihara cultivar with the same infestion (4.61%). The prevalence of Fusarium spp. varied with respect to the location of seed collection as well as cultivars. Highest seed germination was observed in Bhushihara (89%) followed by Swarna (87%) and Joyna (85%). Lowest seed germination was observed in Lalpaika (78%). The highest mortality of the seedlings after germination was observed in Lalpaika (24.25%), followed by Dudhmona (23%) and the lowest mortality of the seedlings was observed in Bhushihara (14.75%). Thus, seed germination rate and post-emergence mortality of seedlings were directly associated with seed-borne infection of F. fujikuroi and F. equiseti.

Ann. Bangladesh Agric. (2023) 27 (2): 31-39

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Mubin, M. M. U. ., Khan, A. A., Kader, M. A., Masum, M. M. I., & Rahman, M. M. . . (2023). Prevalence of seed-borne Fusarium in local rice cultivars from Barishal district. Annals of Bangladesh Agriculture, 27(2), 31–39. https://doi.org/10.3329/aba.v27i2.72516

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Original Articles