Dynamics of clinical disease prevalence at cattle farm in Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh from 2011 to 2014
Keywords:dynamics, prevalence, clinical diseases, disorders, cattle
Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute (BLRI) plays an important role of public service to animal welfare since the period of 1984. There are a lot of cattle with their proper records in this Institutes cattle farm but previously no report regarding the dynamics of disease prevalence was published. So this research was conducted to determine the prevalence of clinical diseases and manifestations of cattle recorded and breed susceptibility to such diseases in different seasons during the period of January 2011 to December 2014. A total of 1558 cattle (where Pabna was 906 and Red Chittagong Cattle was 652) were included under this study. Diagnoses of clinical diseases and disorders were based on clinical history, clinical findings and different laboratory tests. Among the clinical cases, the highest prevalence was determined in case of ring worm (3.11%) followed by diarrhoea (1.86%), bovine ephemeral fever (1.08%), pneumonia (0.96%), alopecia (0.81%), mange (0.37%), tympany/bloat (0.69%), fever (0.64), lameness (0.53%), arthritis (0.40%), mastitis (0.39%), malnutrition (0.26%) and posthitis (0.19%). Infectious diseases like foot and mouth disease (FMD), black quarter (BQ), anthrax and haemorrhagic septicemia (HS) were not found which may be due to regular vaccination and maintenances of strict biosecurity. In case of breed, higher prevalence (12.09%) was found in Red Chittagong Cattle (RCC) compared to Pabna (11.13%). Among the seasonal cases, winter season (5.21%) had higher prevalence than rainy season (2.26%) followed by summer season (1.65%) in case of RCC, while summer season (3.85%) had higher prevalence than winter season (3.74%) followed by rainy season (3.30%) in case of Pabna. It may be concluded that several diseases and disorders occurred in the BLRI cattle farm but major infectious diseases did not take place owing to improved management of the farm.
Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. June 2015, 1(2): 350-358
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms / The author(s) affirm(s) that:
- The manuscript submitted is based on authors own research and is original work.
- Authors certify that we all participated in the research work and preparation of the manuscript in a substantive way.
- Authors also declare that they have read and approved the manuscript.
- Authors further declare that the manuscript has not been published in part or full and is not being submitted or considered for publication in part or full elsewhere.
- Any material included in the manuscript does not violate copyright or other rights of anyone.
- Authors also affirm that the article contains no vilifying or unlawful statements and does not contain material or instructions that might cause harm or injury to the Editor-in-Chief/Editors of the Journal and the public.
- Authors assure Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. and the Editor-in-Chief/Editors of the Journals, and hold them harmless from any loss, expense or damage occurred by a claim or suit by a third party for copyright violation, or any suit arising out of any violation of the foregoing warranties as a result of publication of my/our article.
- In consideration of authors manuscript submitted, authors hereby grant Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. unlimited, worldwide, permanent royalty-free, right to publish, use, dispense, license, transmit, display, exhibit, record, store, translate, digitize, broadcast, reproduce and archive, in any format or medium, whether now known or developed hereafter.
All materials related to manuscripts, accepted or rejected, including photographs, original figures etc., will be kept by Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. for one year following the editors decision. These materials will then be destroyed.