Isolation and identification of bacterial pathogens from cloacal swabs of turkeys and their antimicrobial sensitivity patterns
Keywords:turkey, cloacal swabs, antibiogram studies
The present study was carried for the isolation, identification of bacterial pathogens from cloacal swabs of turkeys during the period from January-June, 2016. The entire research work was conducted in the Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur. The study was performed with 48 cloacal swab samples. The cloacal swab samples were collected carefully from three different Turkey Farms randomly and transferred aseptically to the laboratory. On the basis of morphology, staining, cultural and biochemical characteristics it was found that among the isolates 25(52.08%) samples were positive E. coli, 10(20.83%) samples were positive for Salmonella spp., 9(18.76%) samples were positive for both E. coli and Salmonella spp. and 4(8.33%) samples shown no growth in subculture media. Antibiogram profiles indicate that E. coli isolated were 100% sensitive to Azithromycin, Kanamycin and Ciprofloxacin, 80% sensitive to Cefradine, Vancomycin and Levofloxacin, 60% sensitive to Cefotetan and Nitrofurantoin and 40% sensitive to Erythromycin. The isolates were 100% resistant to Cloxacillin and Cefixime. On the other hand, Salmonella spp. were 100% sensitive to Azithromycin, Kanamycin, Levofloxacin and Ciprofloxacin, 80% sensitive to Nitrofurantoin and Teicoplanin, 60% sensitive to Vancomycin, Erythromycin and Cefixime and 20% sensitive to Cefotetan. The isolates were 100% resistant to cefradine and cloxacillin. So, for E. coli Azithromycin, Kanamycin and Ciprofloxacin were more sensitive and for Salmonella spp. Azithromycin, Kanamycin, Ciprofloxacin and Levofloxacin were highly sensitive. Diversified bacterial species were present in cloacal swabs of Turkeys. However, E. coli, Salmonella spp. infection might make the birds vulnerable for easy access of infection. It could be concluded that E. coli and Salmonella spp. may pass through the feces to the environment. It causes a potential human health hazards and can cause illness.
Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. December 2017, 3(4): 419-425
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms / The author(s) affirm(s) that:
- The manuscript submitted is based on authors own research and is original work.
- Authors certify that we all participated in the research work and preparation of the manuscript in a substantive way.
- Authors also declare that they have read and approved the manuscript.
- Authors further declare that the manuscript has not been published in part or full and is not being submitted or considered for publication in part or full elsewhere.
- Any material included in the manuscript does not violate copyright or other rights of anyone.
- Authors also affirm that the article contains no vilifying or unlawful statements and does not contain material or instructions that might cause harm or injury to the Editor-in-Chief/Editors of the Journal and the public.
- Authors assure Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. and the Editor-in-Chief/Editors of the Journals, and hold them harmless from any loss, expense or damage occurred by a claim or suit by a third party for copyright violation, or any suit arising out of any violation of the foregoing warranties as a result of publication of my/our article.
- In consideration of authors manuscript submitted, authors hereby grant Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. unlimited, worldwide, permanent royalty-free, right to publish, use, dispense, license, transmit, display, exhibit, record, store, translate, digitize, broadcast, reproduce and archive, in any format or medium, whether now known or developed hereafter.
All materials related to manuscripts, accepted or rejected, including photographs, original figures etc., will be kept by Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. for one year following the editors decision. These materials will then be destroyed.