Isolation of bacterial flora from post burn infection: influence of socio-demographic background on the occurrence of burn injury
Keywords:burn; socio-demographic background; bacteria; antibiotic
The objective of this work was to find out the bacteriological profile and risk factor for burn patients. Sixty burn patients were investigated during July 2014 to May 2015. Specimens were collected in the form of wound swabs. The prospective study showed that one third of the patients below 10 years old belong the highest burn infections. The rate of burn infections was higher (61.67%) in female compared to male patients. Respondents under primary level were the major victims (28.33%). On the basis of occupational status, student showed the highest (30%) infection. Maximum (48.33%) patients were injured by first degree burn. Hot liquids (scald) was found as one of the main causes of burn which was 50% prevalent. Forensic background explained maximum burn injuries were accidental (88.34%). Most of the children were the main victims during playing (36.67%) followed by working persons (25%). Pseudomonas spp (73%) was found to be the most common isolated microorganisms followed by Klebsiella spp (6.67%), Staphylococcus aureus (6.67%), Escherichia coli (6.67%), Proteus spp (5%) and Enterobacter (1. 6%). Some medical devices like floor, bed, water etc. were detected as positive sources of organisms. By antibiotic susceptibility tests it was found that Pseudomonas are resistant to ceftriaxone (100%) followed by ceftazidime (93%) and sensitive to colistin (90%). In the case of Staphylococcus aureus, 100% are resistant to amoxyclave and 100% are sensitive to ciprofloxacin.
Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. June 2019, 5(4): 336-342
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