Performances and adaptability of two upgraded dwarf layers under smallholder farmers’ condition

Authors

  • Begum Mansura Hassin Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Bangladesh; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh
  • Abu Jafur Md Ferdaus Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Bangladesh; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh
  • ASM Atiquzzaman Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Bangladesh; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Shamsul Alam Bhuiyan Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh
  • Md Shawkat Ali Department of Poultry Science, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/ajmbr.v10i2.71365

Keywords:

upgradation, production, performance efficiency index, chicken, Bangladesh

Abstract

Upgrading of indigenous chicken with exotic breed is an important way to improve their productivity for the traits of economic interest. The experiment was conducted to evaluate the productivity, profitability and adaptability of two up-graded dwarf chicken populations under smallholder farmers’ condition. A total of 72 birds of third generation (F3) of Dwarf-Fayoumi (IDC♂ × Fay♀) and Dwarf-Leghorn (IDC♂ × WLH♀) at 12 weeks of age were distributed to 12 farmers nearby three villages (Kewatkhali, Boyra, Sutiakhali) of Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. Birds were reared at farmers’ house for a period of 16 weeks with same feeding and management practices. Farmers were grouped into two (6 farmers in each group) for allocating IDC♂ × Fay♀ and IDC♂ × WLH♀ upgraded genotypes. Each farmer was given six birds of same genotype. The study revealed that IDC♂× Fay♀ pullets showed earlier sexual maturity (147.50±0.76 days) and lower feed intake (74.55±0.23 g/bird/day) and thus had a better FCR (2.98±0.02) during the experimental period. The corresponding values were found 169.83±1.35 days, 76.07±0.19 g/bird/day and 3.51±0.02, in IDC♂ × WLH♀ genotype. Moreover, among the production traits considered egg mass, hen day egg production, performance efficiency index and egg feed price ratio were found higher among the IDC♂× Fay♀ pullets as 25.07±0.20 g/bird/day, 37.48±0.43%, 21.22±0.95, and 1.175±0.015, respectively. The survivability of IDC♂ × Fay♀ and IDC♂ × WLH♀ upgraded genotypes were 94.4 and 77.7%, respectively during the experimental period. Therefore, it can be concluded that the IDC♂ × Fay♀ pullets were found more productive, profitable and had better adaptability than IDC♂ × WLH♀ pullets under smallholder farmers’ management. The resultant IDC♂ × Fay♀ upgraded chicken could be utilized as mini layer under rural settings of Bangladesh.

Asian J. Med. Biol. Res. 2024, 10(2), 80-88

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Published

2024-04-07

How to Cite

Hassin, B. M. ., Ferdaus, A. J. M. ., Atiquzzaman, A. ., Bhuiyan, M. S. A. ., & Ali, M. S. . (2024). Performances and adaptability of two upgraded dwarf layers under smallholder farmers’ condition. Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 10(2), 80–88. https://doi.org/10.3329/ajmbr.v10i2.71365

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Section

Research Articles