Effects of salinity on soil properties of coastal areas of Bagerhat and Pirojpur districts

Authors

  • S Begum Department of Agroforestry and Environmental Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University (SAU), Dhaka
  • N Naher Department of Agroforestry and Environmental Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University (SAU), Dhaka
  • M F Hossain Department of Agroforestry and Environmental Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University (SAU), Dhaka
  • K U Ahamed Department of Agricultural Botany, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University (SAU), Dhaka
  • A K M M Alam Pulse Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Gazipur. Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjagri.v47i2.63323

Keywords:

CEC, EC, OM, Salinity, Soil nutrients

Abstract

A study was conducted to observe the soil properties under naturally occurring saline soil conditions in Bagerhat and Pirojpur. Soil samples at 0-20 cm depth were collected from Bagerhat sadar and Khachua upazila under Bagerhat district and Projpur sadar and Nazirpur upazila under Projpur district. Observations were made on soil pH, organic matter, cation exchange capacity (CEC), electrical conductivity (EC), exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP), total N, available P, S and exchangeable K, Ca, Na and Mg contents. Result indicates that pH value ranged from 6.70 to 7.40 and 6.60 to 7.79, organic matter 1.75 to 3.61% and 1.57 to 2.90 %, total N 0.11 to 0.18% and 0.08 to 0.97 %, available P 7.40 to 39.18 mg/kg and 2.92 to 23.40 mg/kg and 0.20 to 1.04%, available S 15.53 to 66.82 mg/kg and 3.50 to 35.53 mg/kg in Bagerhat and Pirojpur districts, respectively. In Bagerhat and Pirojpur districts, EC varied from 2.84 to 7.10 ds/m and 1.16 to 4.90 ds/m, CEC 9.77 to 36.35 and 10.34 to 48.70 meq100g-1 soils, exchangeable Na 0.62 to 2.80 meq100g-1 soil and 0.75 to 2.11 meq100g-1 soil, exchangeable K 4.20 to 22.68 meq100g-1soil and 3.64 to 41.04 meq100g-1 soil, exchangeable Ca 0.84 to 8.37 meq100g-1 and 0.80 to 17.82 meq100g-1, exchangeable Mg 0.13 to 0.60 meq100g-1 soil 0.17 to 0.38 meq100g-1 soil and ESP 4.36 to 11.72 and 3.12 to 7.34, respectively. In Bagerhat, a positive significant correlation of CEC was found with total N, K, EC, Na, K, Ca and Mg contents. In Pirojpur, a negative significant correlation of CEC was found with OM, S and Na contents. The paired shows that S, EC, CEC, K, Ca and ESP will significant between the two locations. These results would be useful for predicting crop production and varietal response to soil nutrient conditions and developing fertilizer management in the coastal areas of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh J. Agri. 2022, 47(2): 143-160

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Published

2023-01-19

How to Cite

Begum, S., Naher, N. ., Hossain, M. F., Ahamed, K. U. ., & Alam, A. K. M. M. . (2023). Effects of salinity on soil properties of coastal areas of Bagerhat and Pirojpur districts. Bangladesh Journal of Agriculture, 47(2), 143–160. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjagri.v47i2.63323

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