Noctiluca Scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy Bloom Off Gadani Ship Breaking Area of Northern Arabian Sea, Baluchistan

Authors

  • Tayyaba Hamid Centre of Excellence in Marine Biology, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan
  • Nafisa Shoaib Centre of Excellence in Marine Biology, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan
  • Venus A Qadir Centre of Excellence in Marine Biology, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan
  • Pirzada Jamal Ahmed Siddiqui Centre of Excellence in Marine Biology, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v51i3.61997

Keywords:

Noctiluca, Dinoflagellate, Algal bloom, Diatoms, Microalgae

Abstract

The Noctiluca scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy a dinoflagellate of marine environment can form bloom and generates substances that are noxious to aquatic organisms. An intense bloom of the N. scintillans in Gadani, Baluchistan coast along Northern Arabian Sea is reported in the present study. Sea water was collected using Niskin water sampler from three locations for water quality and nutrient analysis. Maximum number (6780 cells/l) of phytoplankton cells were observed in Station-I than that of Station-II (4180 cells/l) and in Station III (3580 cells/l). Maximum number (2740 cells/l) of Noctiluca was observed in station I than station II (1020 cells/l) and minimum (620 cells/l) in Station III. Among toxic species of dinoflagellates, Alexandrium tamaresence, Ceratium fusus, Dinophysis caudata, Gyrodinium spirale, Prorocentrum micans, Prorocentrum arcuratum and Scrippsiella trochoidea were observed. The Noctiluca scintillans can transfer toxins to higher trophic levels by grazing these toxic dinoflagellates. The increase in intensity of algal blooms occurring in marine waters cause detrimental effects including bio toxins, physical damage and the anoxia which caused massive fish mortality, affect fishery resources, biodiversity and vulnerable to the aquatic ecosystem.

Bangladesh J. Bot. 51(3): 507-517, 2022 (September)

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
77
PDF
75

Downloads

Published

2022-10-03

How to Cite

Hamid, T. ., Shoaib, N. ., Qadir , V. A., & Ahmed Siddiqui, P. J. . (2022). Noctiluca Scintillans (Macartney) Kofoid & Swezy Bloom Off Gadani Ship Breaking Area of Northern Arabian Sea, Baluchistan. Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 51(3), 507–517. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjb.v51i3.61997

Issue

Section

Articles