Chlorhexidine Cleansing of the Umbilical Cord for Prevention of Umbilical Infection: A Hospital based Study in Bangladesh

Authors

  • M Khairuzzaman Assistant professor (Neonatology), Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College (ShSMC), Dhaka
  • MA Rouf Assistant professor (Neonatology), ShSMC, Dhaka
  • MMA Sarker Junior Consultant (Gynae), Kresnonagar 20 Beded Hospital, Dhamrai, Dhaka
  • I Hossain Assistant Professor (Neonatology), Enam Medical College, Savar, Dhaka
  • A Matin Professor and Head, Department of pediatrics, ShSMC, Dhaka
  • G Mowla Senior Consultant (Pediatrics), ShSMC, Dhaka
  • NR Sarker Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, ShSMC, Dhaka
  • MA Mannan Professor and Chairman, Department of Neonatology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • M Shahidullah Professor, Department of Neonatology, BSMMU, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjch.v42i1.37043

Keywords:

Chlorhexidine, Umbilical Cord, Prevention of infection

Abstract

Background: The umbilical cord is an important site for bacterial colonization. A possible consequence of bacterial colonization is cord stump infection, a factor that can greatly increase morbidity and mortality for infants in developing countries. Chlorhexidine cleansing of the cord can reduce neonatal mortality among newborns infants in low-resource settings with high risk of infection. This objective of this study was to determine the effect of cord cleansing with chlorhexidine in reduction of umbilical infection among newborns in hospital settings.

Methodology: Between April 2013 to July 2014, 510 newborns were randomly assigned within a tertiary level hospital in Bangladesh to receive 1 of 3 cord care regimens: single cord cleansing with 4% chlorhexidine(Group-1), multiple cord cleansing with 4% chlorhexidine (Group-2) and clean and dry cord care (Group-3 : control).

Results: The risk of umbilical cord infection (omphalitis) was significantly reduced in both the single (Relative risk [RR] 0.15 [95% CI] 0.008-0.93) and multiple chlorhexidine cleansing group (RR 0.37 [95% CI] 0.04- 0.99) compared to the dry cord care group. The risk of omphalitis was not significantly different between multiple and single chlorhexidine cleansing group (RR 3.14 [0.13-76.54]).

Conclusion: 4% chlorhexidine significantly reduce the risk of umbilical infection in both single and multiple cord cleansing groups as compared to clean and dry cord care group.

Bangladesh J Child Health 2018; VOL 42 (1) :4-8

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Published

2018-06-17

How to Cite

Khairuzzaman, M., Rouf, M., Sarker, M., Hossain, I., Matin, A., Mowla, G., Sarker, N., Mannan, M., & Shahidullah, M. (2018). Chlorhexidine Cleansing of the Umbilical Cord for Prevention of Umbilical Infection: A Hospital based Study in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Child Health, 42(1), 4–8. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjch.v42i1.37043

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Original Articles