Vitamin A Concentration in Cord and Maternal Serum and its Effects on Birth Weight

Authors

  • Dipi Barua Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Holy Family Red Crescent Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka
  • Begum Nasrin Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • KN Nahar Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Shayela Shamim Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Ashim Ranjan Barua Department of Pathology, BSMMU, Dhaka
  • Firoza Begum Professor and Head, Feto-Maternal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, BSMMU, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjch.v33i2.5676

Keywords:

Vitamin A concentration, birth weight

Abstract

Introduction: Birth weight is a reliable index of intra-uterine growth and a major factor
determining child survival, future physical growth and mental development.
Objectives: The present study was designed to explore the association of maternal
serum as well as cord serum vitamin A level with birth weight.
Materials and Methods: This prospective randomized study was carried out in Maternity
and Child Health Training Institute (MCHTI), Azimpur, Dhaka during the period from
January to July, 2002 on 100 healthy pregnant mothers of 38-40 weeks of gestation
and on 100 new born babies born to these mothers.
Results: Mean birth weight was 2804 gm (±43.1) with a range of 1600-3900 gm. Cord
serum vitamin A level was 583 (±1.73) μg/dl with a range of 4.9-102.04 μg/dl, while
maternal serum vitamin A level was 53.5μg/dl (±1.5) with a range of 17.2-89.2 μg/dl.
Newborn having birth weight ≥ 2500gm was found to have higher level of maternal
serum vitamin A than the newborn having weight <2500gm, (54.5±1.6 μg/dl vs 49.4±3.04
μg/dl, p=.06) but the difference was not statistically significant. There was no significant
difference in cord serum vitamin A level between two groups of newborn (57.8±2.06
μg/dl vs. 60.2±2.03 μg/dl, p=.2).

Key words: Vitamin A concentration; birth weight.

DOI: 10.3329/bjch.v33i2.5676

Bangladesh Journal of Child Health
2009; Vol.33(2): 46-49

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How to Cite

Barua, D., Nasrin, B., Nahar, K., Shamim, S., Barua, A. R., & Begum, F. (2010). Vitamin A Concentration in Cord and Maternal Serum and its Effects on Birth Weight. Bangladesh Journal of Child Health, 33(2), 46–49. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjch.v33i2.5676

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Original Articles