Clinical Characteristics and Early Outcomes of Children with COVID-19 Infection admitted to Children Hospital in Dhaka City

Authors

  • Morsheda Khanam Assistant Professor, Dr. MR Khan Shishu Hospital & ICH, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Farhana Rahat Assisstant Professor, Dr. MR Khan Shishu Hospital & ICH, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Kazi Iman Assistant Professor, Dr. MR Khan Shishu Hospital & ICH, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Nobo Krishna Ghosh Professor, Dr. MR Khan Shishu Hospital & ICH, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjid.v9i9.58740

Keywords:

Characteristics; early outcomes; Covid-19; children

Abstract

Background: The burden of COVID-19 infection in children is lesser than adult; however, there are only a few data describing COVID-19 in pediatrics.

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to determine the clinical characteristics and early outcomes of children with COVID-19 infection admitted to children Hospital in Dhaka city.

Methodology: This is a prospective observational study included children of RT-PCR positive COVID-19 cases admitted to Dr. MR Khan Shishu Hospital & ICH between June2020 to November 2020. A total 95 children were enrolled. Patients were categorized clinically and visited every day during their hospital stay. This study included mode of presentation, the pattern of comorbidities, presence of co-infection, clinical trajectory & early outcomes. Clinical outcomes included survival, duration of oxygenation, lengths of hospital stay. Data were analyzed after collection of demographic and clinical data of 95 enrolled children.

Results: Among 95 children with COVID-19 admitted to Dr. M R Khan Shishu Hospital & ICH, 56 (58.95%) were male and 39(41.05%) were female. Maximum 35 (36.84%) of the patients were between 1-5 years age group. 65 (68.42%) presented with respiratory symptoms and 19 (20%) presented with gastrointestinal symptoms. Twenty-five patients (26.32%) had significant preexisting comorbidities. Most common symptoms were fever 73(76.84%), cough 65(68.42%), sore throat 24(25.26%), diarrhea 21(22.11%). Oxygenation was required for 5 patients (5.26%). 1 patient (0.95%) had died and 1required ventilatory support in ICU. The median (range) hospital lengths of stay was 7(3-14) days.

Conclusion: Most of the children with COVID-19 presented with mild to moderate symptoms & gastrointestinal symptoms were not uncommon. Most of the patients had good prognosis and only few patients required respiratory support.

Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, April 2022;9(Suppl_1): S9-S13

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Published

2022-11-02

How to Cite

Khanam, M. ., Rahat, F. ., Iman, K. ., & Ghosh, N. K. (2022). Clinical Characteristics and Early Outcomes of Children with COVID-19 Infection admitted to Children Hospital in Dhaka City. Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, 9(9), S9-S13. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjid.v9i9.58740