The Neurological and Neurosurgical Presentations of SARSCoV2 Affected Patients: A Systematic Review.

Authors

  • Farhana Selina Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Sylhet Women’s Medical College, Bangladesh
  • Khandaker Abu Talha Diploma in Clinical Research (Canada), Associate Professor of Neurosurgery, Sylhet Women’s Medical College, Bangladesh
  • Mostafa Taufiq Ahmed Assistant Prof. dept of neurosurgery, Sylhet M A G Osmani Medical College, Sylhet
  • Ishrat Jahan Karim Assistant Professor, Dept of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Sylhet M A G Osmani Medical College, Sylhet
  • Morshed Nasir FRSPH (Public Health), Professor & HOD of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Holy Family Red Crescent Medical College, Bangladesh
  • Sonia Latif Registrar, Anesthesiology, Sylhet Women’s Medical College, Bangladesh
  • Rawshan Ara Perveen Assistant Prof. Pharmacology, Holy Family Red Crescent Medical College, Dhaka
  • Ramanuj Bhattacharya Medical officer, Anesthesiology, Sylhet Women’s Medical College, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjns.v10i2.53770

Keywords:

COVID-19, Corona virus (CoV), Neurological manifestation.

Abstract

Presentation with neurological complaint is not very uncommon. Few patients report with intracerebral hemorrhage which are considered as cases of neurosurgical intervention, on the other hand respiratory depression and encephalitis patients need care in Neurosurgical intensive care unit (Neurosurgical ICU) for treating or measuring intracranial pressure (ICP). This systematic review includes 2683 COVID- 19 patients of 17 articles who had neurological manifestations. Out of these 17 studies 8 articles were retrospective case series, 3 were prospective case series, 3 were case reports, 2 were cross-sectional and 1 cohort study. Headache was commonest neurological feature presented in 7 studies. Cerebro-vascular problem, loss of smell and impaired conscious level was present in four studies each. Seizure was presenting feature in 3 studies. There were series where patients reported with loss of taste. Other presenting features were dizziness and ataxia. Previous studies supported that Corona virus can cause encephalitis, multiple sclerosis or cerebral hemorrhage. Respiratory failure due to damage of cardiorespiratory center of brainstem by COVID- 19 virus has not been ruled out.

Bang. J Neurosurgery 2021; 10(2): 169-174

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Published

2021-06-05

How to Cite

Selina, F., Talha, K. A., Ahmed, M. T., Karim, I. J., Nasir, M., Latif, S., Perveen, R. A., & Bhattacharya, R. (2021). The Neurological and Neurosurgical Presentations of SARSCoV2 Affected Patients: A Systematic Review. Bangladesh Journal of Neurosurgery, 10(2), 169–174. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjns.v10i2.53770

Issue

Section

Original Articles