Pattern of Nodal Metastases in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma
Keywords:Papillary thyroid carcinom, Metastases
Objective: The objective of this study is to determine the pattern of nodal metastases of papillary thyroid carcinoma to regional lymph in patients who have clinically positive nodes. Study design: Cross sectional study.
Methods: Between January 2008 and December 2009, a total of 50 consecutive patients (15 male and 35 female) with clinical evidence of cervical lymph node metastases of papillary thyroid carcinoma was analyzed. Patients those with previous neck dissection for non thyroid malignancies and those neck node with follicular and medullary thyroid carcinoma were excluded from the study.
Results: The predominant site of metastases was level III (82%), followed by level IV (62%), level II (48%), level VI (18%) and level V (16%). So, patients in the anterolateral group (level II, III and IV) were the greatest risk of metastatic disease, with level III nodes consistently the most frequently involved. No patient exhibited in level I involvement, multiple level involvement was found in 74% (37 of 50) patients.
Conclusion: The high incidence of metastatic disease found in level III and IV. The level V and VI involvement were also reasonably high. Which supports the recommendation for posterolateral and anterior neck dissection for patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma with clinically positive nodes.
Bangladesh J Otorhinolaryngol 2013; 19(1): 46-52
How to Cite
Manuscripts submitted for publication in the Bangladesh Journal of Otorhinolaryngology must not have been previously submitted or published. Accepted papers become the permanent property of the Bangladesh Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. By submitting a manuscript, the authors(s) agree that copyrights for their articles are automatically transferred to Bangladesh Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, if and when the articles are accepted for publication.
The use, in this journal, of registered trade names, trade marks, etc. without special acknowledgement does not imply that such names, as defined by the relevant protection laws, be regarded as unprotected, and, thus, free for general use.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).