Study on otitis media with effusion
Keywords:Otitis Media with effusion, myringotomy, audiometry
Objective: To study the clinical, audiological and radiological characteristics along with the management outcome of chronic otitis media with effusion.
Setting: Department of Otolaryngology & Head - Neck Surgery, Dhaka Shishu Hospital and Apollo Hospital's Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Materials and Methods: This study included three hundred and thirty patients of chronic Otitis media with effusion that have been treated in the department of Otolaryngology and Head-Neck Surgery, at Dhaka Shishu Hospital and Apollo Hospitals, Dhaka from January, 2007 to July, 2008. The data of patients included age, sex, presenting symptoms and signs, preoperative investigations like pure tone audiometry (PTA) and Impedance test, operation notes, complications of surgery and state at follow up.
Results: This study included 198 males and 132 females. 222 patients (67.27%) were in the age group of 2-5 years. Main presenting symptom was fullness of the ear (50.30%) and main presenting sign was dull eardrum (72.18%). Turning fork test and PTA have been done in the age group of 7-10 years. In 166(59.30%) patients Impedence was type B. 222 (66.69%) patients have been cured with medical treatment. 69(20.90%) patients underwent grommet insertion as medical treatment has been failed in those patients. Two patients developed postoperative chronic suppurative otitis media with central perforation and one patient developed thinned tympanic membranes that have been treated conservatively.
Conclusion: Chronic otitis media with effusion is usually not a threat to life but result in complications. As long as fluid is present in the middle ear, hearing will be affected. Hearing problems can interfere with language development in children. Any fluid that lasts longer than 3 months should be treated surgically.
Keywords: Otitis Media with effusion; myringotomy; audiometry.
Bangladesh J Otorhinolaryngol 2009; 15(2): 50-54
How to Cite
Manuscripts submitted for publication in the Bangladesh Journal of Otorhinolaryngology must not have been previously submitted or published. Accepted papers become the permanent property of the Bangladesh Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. By submitting a manuscript, the authors(s) agree that copyrights for their articles are automatically transferred to Bangladesh Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, if and when the articles are accepted for publication.
The use, in this journal, of registered trade names, trade marks, etc. without special acknowledgement does not imply that such names, as defined by the relevant protection laws, be regarded as unprotected, and, thus, free for general use.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).