Demographic Distribution of Head-Neck Carcinoma of ENT Oncology Department of NICRH in 2020

Authors

  • Md Abdul Karim Assistant Professor (ENT Oncology), National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, Mohakhlai, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh
  • Md Khalid Mahmud Resident Surgeon (ENT Oncology), National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, Mohakhlai, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh
  • Md Saif Rahman Khan Register (ENT Oncology), National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, Mohakhlai, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh
  • Md Hasan Zafar Associate Professor (ENT), Cox’s Bazar Medical College and Hospital, Cox’s Bazar-4700, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Ali Associate Professor and Head, Department of Haematology, National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, Mohakhali, Dhaka-1212, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bjo.v28i1.60827

Keywords:

Head-Neck Carcinoma · Geographic · Demographic Distribution

Abstract

Background: Head and neck cancer (HNC) comprises a diverse group of oncological entities, originating from various tissue types and organ localizations, situated in the topographical regions of the head and neck (H&N). This single institution retrospective study was aimed at establishing the HNC patient geographic & demographics and categorizing the individual incidence of H&N malignancies, regarding their organ of origin.

Objectives: To identify the age Distribution, Occupation, Disease Specific Gender Distribution, Disease Incidence of different types of Head-Neck Cancer according to geography of Bangladesh.

Methods: This retrospective data analysis to asses age, occupation, Disease Specific Gender Distribution, Disease Incidence of different types of Head-Neck Cancer diagnosis, using medical records data of 3047 Head & Neck Cancer patients from National Institute of Cancer Research & Hospital designated cancer center in Bangladesh in 2020. All new cases of Head- Neck Cancer patients attend in ENT Oncology Department included in this study. Old cases, who were attend for follow up excluded from study.

Results: Total 3047 new patients were included. Thyroid Carcinoma 365(12%), Sinonasal 212(7%), Salivary gland Carcinoma 121(4%), Oral Cavity 303(9.9%), Oropharyngeal Carcinoma 243(8%), Hypopharynx 457(15%), Larynx 761(25%), Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma 91 (3%), Carcinoma Unknown Primary 304(10%), Lymphoma 154(5.1%), Others 36(3.2%). Male: Female 3:2.

Conclusion: Head & Neck Cancer (HNC) is common cancer in Bangladesh. Functional & cosmetic deformities occur in head & neck cancer. The reported single institution results appear representative of the national incidence and characteristics of HNC.

Bangladesh J Otorhinolaryngol 2022; 28(1): 68-77

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Published

2022-07-20

How to Cite

Karim, M. A. ., Mahmud, M. K. ., Khan, M. S. R. ., Zafar, M. H. ., & Ali, M. . (2022). Demographic Distribution of Head-Neck Carcinoma of ENT Oncology Department of NICRH in 2020. Bangladesh Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, 28(1), 68–77. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjo.v28i1.60827

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Original Articles