Management of papillary and follicular (differentiated) thyroid carcinoma - an update
Keywords:Papillary Carcinoma, Follicular Carcinoma, Hemithyroidectomy, Total Thyroidectomy
AbstractThyroid cancers are quite rare, accounting for only 1.5% of all cancers in adults and 3% of all cancers in children. Differentiated thyroid cancer comprises 95% of all thyroid cancers. Of all thyroid cancers 74-80% of cases are papillary cancers. Incidences of follicular carcinoma are higher in regions where incidence of endemic goiter is high. Surgery is the definitive management of thyroid cancer. There is agreement that patients with large, locally aggressive or metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer require total thyroidectomy but there is continuing disagreement on the most appropriate operation for 'low risk' differentiated thyroid cancer. Adjuvant treatments are thyroid hormone suppression and radioiodine therapy rather than chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Prognosis is generally excellent and is influenced by factors related to the patient, the disease and the therapy. This article reviews the basis of surgical treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer and assesses the evidences supporting the surgical options.
Key words: Papillary Carcinoma; Follicular Carcinoma; Hemithyroidectomy; Total Thyroidectomy
Bangladesh J Otorhinolaryngol 2010; 16(2): 126-130
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