Disseminated intravascular coagulation in acute promyelocytic leukaemia and its impact on the induction failure: a single centre study
Life-threatening coagulopathy associated with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has been the defining clinical characteristic and is an important risk factor for fatal haemorrhage and early death. Pathogenesis of coagulopathy in APL is complex and mainly includes disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The study was done to see the status of DIC and its impact on the outcome of APL in our setting. Among the total 60 patients, induction mortality rate was 30% and remission rate was 70%. The main cause of induction mortality was bleeding that accounts for 66.7% of mortality. DIC was present among 32 out of 60 patients (53.33%). Induction mortality has significant relationship to DIC as the induction mortality rate is 47% in patients with DIC and 11% in patient without DIC (P value 0.0009 ). Induction motality rate in low, intermediate and high risk group is 6.7%, 24% and 58% respectively (p value <0.0001). Finally, risk group subclassification revealed presence of DIC in high risk group has the highest early mortality rate
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2013; 39: 57-60
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