Quality of life of cervical cancer patients after completion of treatment -A study among Bangladeshi women
Keywords:invasive cervical cancer, quality of life, Questionnaires, radical hysterectomy, radiotherapy
Cervical cancer is the main cause of malignancy-related death among women living in developing countries. The aim of this study is to evaluate the quality of life (QOL) among Bangladeshi cervical cancer survivors and its relationships with demographic and disease related factors
A cross-sectional study was carried out on one hundred nine consecutive cervical cancer survivors in National Institute of cancer Research and Hospital, Dhaka from September 2014 to february2015 using European organization for Research and treatment of cancer core Questionnaires (QOL-C30 and QOL-CX24). Demographic condition like education level, occupation and disease related factors like stages, treatment modality and duration of follow-up time were taken as investigating factors against functional scales. Cronbach´s alpha was calculated to asses internal consistency among items.
Cervical cancer survivors stated a moderate QOL. Sub-domains of QOL score and global health status were significantly associated with physical function(PF) scales (p=.000), fatigue (p=.045), nausea and vomiting (p=.000), Appetite loss (p=.001), constipation (p=.005), symptom experience (p=.005) and menopausal symptoms (p=.015). QOL mean score were negatively associated with emotional function(EF) scales, pain, fatigue, nausea, appetite loss and financial problems. Education level showed significant association with physical function(PF) (p=.001), emotional function(EF) (p=.027), Cognitive function(CF) (p=.000) and sexual function (p=.001). Duration (Follow-up) time was significance association with PF (p=.005), EF (p=.012), symptoms experience (p=.001). Although, the QOL in cervical cancer survivors was moderate, treatment of related symptoms and improvement of demographic condition can influence the QOL and survivors improve the care of cervical cancer. So, improve the QOL among cervical cancer survivors.
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