Moving Beyond Cancer: Immediate Impact on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Patients After Mastectomy

Authors

  • Md Mizanur Rahman Department of Medical of Surgical Oncology, National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, Mohakhali, Dhaka.
  • AFM Anwar Hossain Department of Medical of Surgical Oncology, National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, Mohakhali, Dhaka.
  • Abul Ahsan Department of Medical Oncology, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka.
  • Nazratun Nayeem Monalisa Centre for Control of Chronic Diseases, icddrb, Mohakhali, Dhaka.
  • Khadiza Rahman Department of Surgical Oncology, National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, Mohakhali, Dhaka.
  • Sumona Al Azad National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, Mohakhali, Dhaka.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v41i2.29974

Keywords:

Quality of Life, Breast Cancer, Moving beyond Cancer, Mastectomy

Abstract

During the last decade, survival rates for breast cancer have increased as a result of earlier detection and increased use of adjuvant therapy. Limited data exist on the post mastectomy quality of life in the process of transition from health to cancer in its different phases of treatment. The aim of current study was to evaluate the changes of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after mastectomy and to measure their impression about future perspectives in Bangladeshi Breasts cancer patients. A group of 250 women with a diagnosis of primary breast cancer who was admitted in the department of surgical oncology in National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, Dhaka were enrolled in this study from January 2012 to March 2013. Two-point interview like pre(M1) and post mastectomy(M2) was taken using the structured questionnaire made by European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC)- EORTC Q30 and BR23. The mean age of the patients was 44.7±9.87 years, 52.6% were locally advanced. HRQoL scores of breast cancer patients deteriorated after mastectomy, general features like presence of fatigability, nausea, apatite loss, sleeplessness and pain has got tremendous effect on the quality of life(p<.005). Financial difficulties and sleep disorders did not affect much. Four of the Global Health status/QOL parameters like physical functioning, role functioning, emotional functioning, cognitive functioning deteriorated but only physical functioning status affected significantly(p<0.005). Breast symptoms like body image problem, general breast symptoms like pain, arm swelling and sexual feeling affected their (HRQOL) after mastectomy. A diagnosis of cancer and associated treatments affects multiple domains of life. The complicated transitions between health, illness and living with cancer can often be challenged with a preoperative information for the patient confronted with breast cancer should include possible psychological effects of cancer diagnosis, surgery, and other treatment. Breast conservation particularly in the young group may give a better outcome in the treatment protocol of breast cancer patients.

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Published

2016-10-17

How to Cite

Rahman, M. M., Hossain, A. A., Ahsan, A., Monalisa, N. N., Rahman, K., & Azad, S. A. (2016). Moving Beyond Cancer: Immediate Impact on the Health-Related Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Patients After Mastectomy. Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin, 41(2), 52–58. https://doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v41i2.29974

Issue

Section

Research Papers