Identifying influence of perceived quality and satisfaction on the utilization status of the community clinic services; Bangladesh context

Authors

  • Rizwanul M. Karim Department of Community Medicine, Abdul Malek Ukil Medical College, Begumgonj, Noakhali
  • M. Shaikh Abdullah Filaria Control Program, CDC, Directorate General of Health Services, Mohakhali, Dhaka
  • Anisur M. Rahman Department of Epidemiology, National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine, Mohakhali, Dhaka
  • Ashraful M. Alam Department of Maternal and Child Health, National Institute of Preventive and Social Medicine, Mohakhali, Dhaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v41i1.30192

Abstract

Background: Bangladesh is one among the few countries of the world that provides free medical services at the community level through various public health facilities. It is now evident that, clients perceived quality of services and their expectations of service standards affect health service utilization to a great extent. The aim of the study was to develop and validate the measures for perception and satisfaction of primary health care quality in Bangladesh context and to identify their aspects on the utilization status of the Community Clinic (CC) services.

Methods: This mixed method cross sectional survey was conducted from January to June 2012, in the catchment area of 12 Community Clinics (CCs). Since most of the outcome indicators focus mainly on women and children, women having children less than two years of age were randomly assigned and interviewed for the study purpose. Data for the development of perceived service quality and satisfaction tools were collected through Focus Group Discussion (FGD), key informants interview and data for measuring the utilization status were collected by an interviewer administered pretested semi-structured questionnaire.

Results: About 95% of the respondents were Muslims and 5% were Hindus. The average age of the respondents was 23.38 (SD±4.15) years and almost all of them are home makers. The average monthly expenditure of their family was 7462.92 (SD±2545) BDT equivalent to 95 (SD±32) US$. To measure lay peoples perception and satisfaction regarding primary health care service quality two scales e.g. Slim Haddads 20-item scale for measuring perceived quality of primary health care services (PQPCS) validated in Guinea and Burkina Fuso and primary care satisfaction survey for women (PCSSW) developed by Scholle and colleagues 2004; is a 24-item survey tool validated in Turkey were chosen as a reference tools. Based on those, two psychometric research instruments; 24 items PQPCS scale (chronbachs ?=0.89) and 22-items Community Clinic Service Satisfaction (CCSS) scale (chronbachs ?=0.97), were constructed and validated for measuring perceived service quality and satisfaction in Bangladesh context. This study showed mothers with pre-primary education [(?2=4.20, p=0.04), AOR with 95% CI=1.89 (1.03, 3.53)] utilized the limited curative care services more than educated mothers. On the contrary, higher income families [for income group 5000-10,000 BDT ?2=8.83, p=0.003 and AOR with 95% CI=0.37(0.19, 0.71)] and [for income group above 10,000 BDT ?2= 5.02, p= 0.025 and AOR with 95% CI=0.40 (0.18, 0.89)] and families having cultivable lands [for 5-10 decimal group ?2=5.51, p=0.19, and AOR with 95% CI=0.56 (0.35, 0.91)] and [for>10 decimal group ?2=6.70, p=0.010, and AOR with 95% CI=0.50 (0.29, 0.84)] utilized the limited curative care services less than their poorer and landless counterpart. The same relationship was observed in case of health education and Antenatal Care (ANC) and Postnatal Care (PNC) services. Women who lived in their own residence used health education services more frequently than those who lived in a rental house [?2 =24.00, p=0.000 and AOR with 95% CI=1.21, (1.12, 1.30)] and they also increasingly used maternal and child health services ?2 =27.49, p=0.000 and AOR with 95% CI 1.61, (1.35, 1.93)]. Perceptions concerning skill and competence of the health care provider [?2=16.90, p=0.000 and AOR with 95% CI=1.14, (1.07, 1.22)] and satisfaction indicating interpersonal communication and attitude of the care provider [?2=7.07, p=0.008 and AOR with 95% CI=1.08, (1.02, 1.15)] were found significant predictors for limited curative care service utilization of CC. Perception related to the quality of management, administration, physical environment of the service point and satisfaction addressing health promotion and women health issues also played significant role on CCs services utilization.

Conclusions: Besides parental education and income, clients perception and satisfaction played significant role in CC service utilization. Providers perception of service quality should be studied. The study findings will enable policy-makers to improve quality of primary health care services, realizing providers and patients ideas of CC service quality.


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Published

2016-11-03

How to Cite

Karim, R. M., Abdullah, M. S., Rahman, A. M., & Alam, A. M. (2016). Identifying influence of perceived quality and satisfaction on the utilization status of the community clinic services; Bangladesh context. Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin, 41(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v41i1.30192

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Section

Research Papers