An epidemiological study of injury in a rural community in Bangladesh
Injuries are a focus of public health practice because they pose a serious health threat, occur frequently and are preventable. The evidence regarding injury, its contributing factor and its consequence in rural population of Bangladesh is scarce. Present study aimed to assess the epidemiology of injury in a rural area. The study was conducted in the Bairag Union of Anwara upazilla in Chittagong district of Bangladesh. Data of 6256 individuals were collected from 1016 households. Three structured and standardized questionnaires were used for data collection. The questionnaires were pretested and validated prior to final survey. Severity of injury was assessed based on the number of days with restricted activity and consequences of injury were considered as a measure of severity of injury. A total of 6 people died due to injury in last one year in the survey, the death tolls to 0.096% (95% CI 0.037%-0.199%). A total of 392 experienced an injury that at least hampered one days routine activity. Crude prevalence of injury over last one year is calculated to be 6.27% (95% CI 5.69%-6.89%). Of injured subjects majority (77.2%) were aged between 10 to 59 years, 73% were male, 55.6% were of lower class and among them 7.9 % suffered multiple injuries. More than 80% of the incident leading to injury happened during the day, (8 am to 6 pm). Daytime injury mostly occurs in afternoon. The mechanism of injury of 30% subjects were road accident, of 29.5% subjects was slip, trip or fall. In 17.9 % victims mechanism of injury was collision with a person or object. Around 10% had deep cut, 1.4% had superficial cut, and 3.3 % patient had burn through contact with heat. Among the injured only 19.2% escaped any physical consequence, 27.2% suffered from decrease in work capacity, 48.1% developed temporary disability, 3.8% developed permanent disability, and 1.2% suffered disfiguration.
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