Human Leukocyte Antigen: Class I Allele Frequencies and Haplotype Distributionin a Tertiary Care Hospital in Bangladesh
Keywords:Human leukocyte antigen, Allele, Haplotype frequency, Population genetics
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) are cell surface glycoproteins encoded by Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) geneof human genome. HLA antigen frequency and haplotype distribution are useful for determining disease associations, origin, migration and genetic relationships between populations and predicting the outcome of transplantation. Thus, the present study was carried outto identify HLA class I (HLA-A and HLA-B) antigen and haplotype distribution among a selected Bangladeshi population. This retrospective study was conducted among 1070 individuals who were referred by cliniciansfor HLA typing at the Tissue Typing Laboratory of the Department of Virology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) during the period 2009 to 2011. For HLA typing, Blood was collected in heparin containing tube and the laboratory tests were performed by the microlymphocytotoxicity technique according to manufacturer’s instructions.Out of 19 HLA-A and 37HLA-B antigens tested, a total of 19/19 and 36/37 antigens were detectedrespectively in this study. The most frequent antigens of HLA-A and HLA-B detected were A11 (25.4%), A24 (16.6%), B75 (18.1%) and B35 (11.3%). The least antigen frequency detected for HLA-A locus were A69 (0.09%), A26 (0.28%), A34 (0.28%), while for HLA-B locus were B81 (0.09%) and B56 (0.09%). Among the HLA-A and HLA-B antigens, some alleles were found to be homozygote such as A11 (4.0%), A2 (2.7%), A24 (2.1%) andB75 (2.4%), B35 (1.8%), and B44 (1.4%) respectively. The most frequent haplotype in the study populationwereA11: B75 (4.9%). The most frequent antigens of HLA-A and HLA-B detected were A11 (25.4%), B75 (18.1%) respectively. The distribution of HLA haplotypes among the study population indicates that it has the influence of Oriental and Asian populations. Thus, this study will be helpful to provide valuable information for population genetics and HLA disease association analysis.
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2018; 44(1):01-08
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