Characterization of extended spectrum β-Lactamase producing bactieria isolated from urinary tract infections
β-Lactamase Producing Bacteria and UTI
Keywords:Extended-spectrum β-lactamase, CTX-M type, Double disk diffusion synergy test, MDR
Background: A unique challenge for clinical microbiologists, clinicians, infection control professionals is to deal with extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing pathogens.
Objectives: The study was aims to isolate ESBL producing bacteria from urine samples of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)-patients and to analyses their phenotypic and genotypic characteristics.
Methods: A total of 90 urine samples from UTI patients were collected from Enam Medical College Hospital and Gonoshastha Medical College Hospital, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh; between May-2012 to August-2012. A total 75gram negative isolates were retrieved and screened for ESBL production by the Double Disk Diffusion Synergy Test (DDST). Isolates with ESBL phenotype were further characterised by antibiotic susceptibility testing, PCR and sequencing of β-lactamase genes.
Results: Cultural and biochemical assay combined with 16S rRNA gene based phylogenetic identification confirmed that Escherichia spp. were predominant pathogens associate with UTI (41%), and the rest were distributed within the genus Enterobacter spp. 26%, Klebsiella spp. 21%, and Pseudomonas spp.10%. Total 31 isolates were phenotypically confirmed as ESBLs through DDST. The multidrug resistant (MDR) and ESBL producing bacteria showed high resistance to cefotaxime (96%), cefixime (90%) and imipenem (32%). PCR reaction was carried out targeting the genes blaTEM, blaCTX. Dominant ESBL class was CTX-M (65%) followed by TEM (52%). All ESBL isolates except 7 possesses multiple plasmids indicating possibility of both chromosomal and plasmid inheritance of ESBLs.
Conclusions: This study shows a high prevalence of ESBL producing MDR in UTI patients among these two hospitals of Bangladesh indicating the necessity of alternative therapeutic intervention.
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2019; 45: 23-33
628 ONLINE VIEW
How to Cite
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication.
Articles in the Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).