Effect of Rehabilitation Team Meeting on the Patient’s Disability in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Dhaka
Keywords:Rehabilitation, Team meeting, Functional independence measure (FIM), Physical medicine
Background: Teamwork is one of the most fundamental factors in rehabilitation medicine. Although isolated physicians and therapists are working with rehabilitation services in Bangladesh, there is limited data for understanding the effects of a team effort.
Objective: To evaluate the effect of rehabilitation team meeting on the patients’ disability in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka.
Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial conducted in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) in Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka from September 2018 to October 2019. Two hundred and thirty nine patients attending the PMR department for comprehensive management of disability (such as disability in mobility, speech, self-care, sphincter control etc.) were purposively selected for the study. Patients were randomly allocated by lottery in two groupsgroup A (received Rehabilitation Team Meeting service) and group B (received conventional Rehabilitation treatment). The meeting comprised physiotherapist, occupational therapist, rehabilitation nurse, speech and language therapists, social worker, nutritionist, psychologists under the team leader guidance by physiatrist. Respondents of both groups were assessed to see the effects of treatment at 6th weeks, 12th weeks and 24th weeks. Among 239 patients, 77 patients in group A and 71 patients in group B had completed 24th week follow up. Outcomes were measured by FIM (Functional independence Measure) scores.
Results: The mean age of the patients in group A and B were 42.2 (±17.5) years and 45.7 (±14.6) years respectively. In both groups, majority of the patents were male and came from urban areas. Main cause of disability was stroke while others had traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury, spinal cord compression, rheumatoid disease and others. At baseline and after 6th week of treatment, there were no significant statistical differences between the two groups (p>0.05) regarding FIM scores. In 12th week, FIM significantly increased in group A (p=0.009) compared to group B which persisted till 24th week (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Rehabilitation team meeting significantly reduce disability of the patient. It needs to work continuously to build up the rehabilitation team to improve physical rehabilitation in Bangladesh to ensure total care of the disabled.
Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2020; 46(3): 228-232
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Shoma FK, Uddin MT, Emran MA, Islam MT, Ahmed B, Chowdhury ZR
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms.
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication.
Articles in the Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).