Hospital Seroprevalence of Dengue Virus Infection among Adults of Urban Dhaka

Authors

  • Mohammad Mahfuzul Hoque Department of Medicine, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md Robed Amin Department of Medicine, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Sarmistha Biswas Department of Medicine, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Mohammad Rafiqul Islam Department of Medicine, Shaheed Suhrawardi Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v47i1.55796

Keywords:

Dengue sero-prevalence, Dengue transmission, Dengue IgG, Urban Dhaka

Abstract

Background: Global incidence of dengue has increased dramatically over the last few decades. In Bangladesh, there is a high transmission of Dengue in urban and peri-urban areas of Dhaka and other major cities. Seasonal variation, improper surveillance, underreporting of dengue infection have made difficult to estimate disease burden of dengue.

Objective: This study was aimed to observe the rate of seropositivity by ELISA for Dengue IgG patients presenting to hospital.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study done in seven medical college hospital in urban Dhaka from January 2018 to March 2018. A small amount of blood was taken obtaining informed written consent in patients selected by purposive sampling during presenting to hospitals and a pre-tested questionnaire was fill to gather socio-demographic and relevant epidemiological data. Results: A total of 695 patients were included in this study with a mean age 34.9±16.49. Dengue IgG was positive in 349 (51.2%), positivity was found highest (70%) in Shahabuddin Medical College Hospital and lowest (25%) in Uttara Adhunik Medical College. Dengue IgG positive patients were more literate (82% vs 74.2%), more from urban setting (51.2% vs 41.8%), had more monthly income, had more garden (26.8% vs 23.3%) and stagnant water (25.5% vs 23%) in comparison to IgG negative patients.

Conclusion: This study revealed that high seroprevalence posing risk to develop severe dengue and indicating high disease burden which warranted large scale well design population-based study.

Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull 2021; 47(1): 17-22

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Published

2022-05-17

How to Cite

Hoque, M. M. ., Amin, M. R. ., Biswas, S., & Islam, M. R. . (2022). Hospital Seroprevalence of Dengue Virus Infection among Adults of Urban Dhaka. Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin, 47(1), 17–22. https://doi.org/10.3329/bmrcb.v47i1.55796

Issue

Section

Research Papers